April 11 has a significant history behind it. From a social reformer being born to the opening of Lakshman Jhula, over the years, this date has had a lot of historic events. Two major political events also took place- the division of the Communist Party and the HD Deve Gowda’s government losing the confidence motion. With such events unfolding over a period of time, let us take a look at what all crucial events took place on this date.

April 11, 1827: The birth of Jyotiba Phule, the great social reformer

Jyotirao Govindrao Phule, an eminent social reformer and 19th century thinker was born on this day. He is known for championing the peasant rights and rights of the other low-class people. He also advocated women education in India and revolted against the caste system prevalent in the country at that point of time. Phule was one of the very first to start an orphanage for destitute children. (Also Read: 8th April Day In Indian History: 161st Death Anniversary of Mangal Pandey And Other Important Events)

April 11, 1930: Lakshman Jhula, made of steel wire in Rishikesh, was thrown open to the public

The famous hanging bridge across the river Ganga that connects two villages is a structure made out of iron which is suspending at a height of 70-feet from the river. The well-known tourist spot has rich mythology attached with it. The bridge has a legendary significance which says Lord Lakshmana, crossed the Ganga using just two jute ropes. In the memory of this historic feat, a 284-feet long hanging rope bridge was built.

April 11, 1964: Communist Party of India got divided in two parts

In 1964, the Communist Party of India (CPI) spilt into two parties after 32 members walked out from its national council meeting. Differences of leadership was touted as the reason behind the division of the party. There were mainly two groups in the party – leftist and rightist. While the leftists took a pro-Chinese stand, the rightist favored the Soviet Union.

Apart from these, other events also took place in India. Some of the most prominent ones are: 

1869:  Mahatma Gandhi’s wife, Kasturba Gandhi was born.

1887: Famous Indian painter Jamini Roy was born.

1951: Bollywood actress and theatre artist Rohini Hattangadi was born.

1977: Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’, one of the most successful and influential writers of modern Hindi literature passed away.

1997: At the center, the ten-month-old HD Deve Gowda government lost the confidence motion.

1999:  Agni Missile-II was tested.

2011: Jhumpa Lahiri, the celebrated author of Indian origin was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her first ‘Interpreter of Maladies’ work.