Today, 17th April, Apollo 13—a US lunar spacecraft which was the seventh manned mission in the Apollo space program and was intended to land on the moon, suffered an oxygen tank explosion on its journey to the moon. However, the spacecraft lands back safely on Earth’s the Pacific Ocean. The craft was launched on April 11, 1970, from the Kennedy Space Centre, Florida and despite great hardships, the crew returned safely on Earth, six days after the launch.

In the year 1521, on this day the trial of Martin Luther over his teachings begins during the assembly of the Diet of Worms. The Diet of Worms was an imperial diet of the Holy Roman Empire. The chief catalyst of Protestantism—Martin Luthar who criticized elements of faith and urged its reform had been called to Worms, Germany, to appear before the Diet (assembly) of the Holy Roman Empire and answer charges of deviation. This trial is also said to be the birth of the modern world.

Other important events:

April 17, 1492:  Christopher Columbus signs a contract with the Spanish monarchs to find the “Indies” with the stated goal of converting people to Catholicism. This promises him 10% of all riches found, and the governorship of any lands encountered.

April 17, 1808: Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships.

April 17, 1932: Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia ends slavery.

April 17, 1939: Joseph Stalin signs British-France-Russian anti-Nazi pact.

April 17, 1945: Benito Mussolini flees from Salò to Milan.

April 17, 1969:  US Attorney General Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating US Senator Robert F. Kennedy