Today, April 10 in Indian history marks the 100-year-anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi’s Champaran Satyagraha. During the period of the British Raj, Champaran Satyagraha was the first Satyagraha movement inspired by Mohandas Gandhi and a major revolt in the Indian Independence Movement that took place in 1917 in the Champaran district of Bihar. Just after this revolt was ‘Kheda Satyagraha’ in the Kheda district of Bihar.
On the occasion of the completion of 100 years of Champaran Satyagraha, a campaign named ‘Satyagraha se Swachhagraha’ has been organised in the Champaran district of Bihar that will conclude on April 10. The closing event will be attended by key dignitaries, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar and over 20,000 ‘Swachhagrahis‘ or volunteers working for cleanliness.
Dubbed, #ChaloChamparan, the campaign extended over the span of a week, starting from April 3. The sole aim of the 20000 Swachhgrahis has been to educate people from all 38 districts of Bihar in matters related to cleanliness and to promote the construction of toilets. The week-long community sanitation drive has also gained popularity on social media, under the hashtag ‘#ChaloChamparan”. Bollywood celebrities such as Amitabh Bachchan, Anushka Sharma, Akshay Kumar and Madhuri Dixit also joined the campaign, who are also Swachh ambassadors.
Launched by father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi, the Champaran Satyagraha was as a non-violent means of getting the rights of indigo farmers recognised. It was also one of the first non-violent protests of the Indian freedom struggle to end successfully.
Other important events on April 10:
1875: Swami Dayanand Saraswati established the Arya Samaj at Bombay and in 1877 in Lahore.
1982: Mahatma Gandhi Road Bridge at Patna started by Indira Gandhi.
1982: Indian National Satellite (INSAT-1A) launched. First operational multi-purpose communication and meteorology satellite procured from the U.S. (Cape Canaveral).
1997: Kerala becomes the first state in India to have public telephones in all its villages, accessible over STD/ISD from any part of the world.