Ramadan or Ramzan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar begins from Monday across Indian subcontinent and Muslims will observe the fast during this one holy month. The Ramadan fast is one of the five pillars of Islam and is considered obligatory. Here are some facts related to the holy month.

1. During this holy month Muslims do not eat or drink throughout daylight hours. Muslims wake up early morning before dawn known as sehri’ to eat meals and then wait for evening, known as ‘iftar’ to break their fast. The fast is traditionally broken by eating dates and drinking water.

2. Ramadan is celebrated as the month in which the first verses of the holy Quran were revealed to the prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him).

3. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar which has 12 months in total. Gregorian calendar is based on solar while Islamic calendar is based on lunar.

4. During Ramadan Muslims thoroughly recite the Quran. The month is also marked for generosity and charity known as zakat’.

5. Ramadan ends after the New Moon for the following Islamic month (Shawwal) is sighted, or after fasting for 30 days. The month is followed with the celebration of Eid ul Fitr’ orEid’ festival.