It has been recently reported that two USA citizens suffering from the Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa will be brought to America for their treatment. The disease that spreads mainly through human contact has created a fear among the citizens in USA that it might spread in the country causing an epidemic. The disease has already killed 729 people in West Africa. Why is this disease creating such a matter of concern among the peoples of such a technologically advanced nation?
Here are 5 things that you should know about the feared disease:
1. The first case of Ebola was reported in 1976 in two simultaneous outbreaks of the disease in Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo. The DRC outbreak of the disease was in the village situated on the bank of the River Ebola from which the disease acquired its name.
2. Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. Its outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 90%.
3. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are considered to be the natural host of the Ebola virus.
4. Severely ill patients require intensive supportive care. No licensed specific treatment or vaccine is available for use in people or animals.
5. The Symptoms of the Ebola fever is an onset of acute fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. The incubation period of the disease is from 2 to 21 days.