Google presented a nostalgic doodle in the memory of famous Indian scientist, Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose marking his 158th birth anniversary. The Google Doodle showcasing the renowned Indian polymath in a laboratory with crescograph, an instrument Bose invented to measure the growth in plants. Jagdish Chandra born on November 30, 1858, in Munshiganj (now in Bangladesh) was a legendary multifaceted personality in the field of science. Bose is known as the father of wireless communication and was the first to prove that plants too have feelings. On his 158th birth anniversary, we remember the eminent contemporary Indian scientist who extensively contributed to the fields of botany, physics, biology and radio science. Here’s a look at some of the things we must know about Jagdish Chandra Bose – Biologist, Physicist, Botanist and Biophysicist.
1. Jagdish Chandra Bose is known as the Father of Wireless Communication after he invented the Mercury Coherer, a radio wave receiver in 1895. It was used by Guglielmo Marconi a year later to build an operational two-way radio. While we know the Italian scientist is celebrated for the invention, it was Bose who demonstrated the science behind capturing radio waves. Bose remained unknown to many from this scenario as the physicist was never interested in patenting his work.
2. Bose is the first man to prove that plants have the ability to feel. His invention a crescograph, highly sensitive device for measuring growth in plants. He used the instrument to measure minute response in plants to various stimuli. The deduction helped him draw a parallel between animal and plant tissues.
3. Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose was the jack of all trades. Apart from notable inventions, he was one of the early Bengali science fiction writers. In 1896, Bose wrote a short story titled Niruddesher Kahini (The Story of the Missing One). In 1921, the work was later expanded and added to Abyakta collection with the new title Palatak Tuphan (Runaway Cyclone).
4. He was also a victim of racist approach as a colonised Indian. Bose was denied access to the laboratories because of his race after joining the University of Calcutta as a Professor of Physics. Bose would end up conducting elaborate experiments inside a 24 square foot room, his lodgings in downtown Calcutta (modern day Kolkata). He was also paid much lesser salary compared to that of British professors.
5. A small crater on the Moon is named Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose. It is a lunar impact crater located on the far side of the Moon, in the southern hemisphere, close to the crater Bhabha and crater Adler. Bose crater has a diameter of 91 kilometres with numerous tiny craterlets marking the interior.