Navratri is a multi-day festival celebrated in honour of Goddess Durga, most powerful feminine power. It is also spelt as Navaratri translates to ‘nine nights’. It is a significant Hindu festival, which is observed for nine nights and ten days. As per Mahakala Samhita, there are four Navratri in Hindu calendar with Sharad Navratri falling in the month of September-October is the most important one. Navratri 2017 in India will begin on September 21 (Thursday), until September 29 (Friday). As per age-old traditions, the nine nights are dedicated to the nine avatars of Goddess Durga. Among the numerous rituals followed during Durga Puja festival, wearing dresses according to Navratri colours is quite popular. For the nine forms of Shakti (also known as Navdurga), nine different coloured dresses are worn by the devotees on each day of the festival to worship and please the divine feminine power. They are – Yellow, Red, Orange, Pink, Royal Blue, White, Grey and Green.
Navaratri falls in the bright half of the Hindu Luni-solar months. Sharada Navaratri is the most celebrated of the four Navaratris, named after Sharada which means autumn. It is observed the lunar month of Ashvin that corresponds to post-monsoon months of September and October. One of the most popular Hindu festivals celebrated across the country, witnesses the worshipping of Navadurga, which means the nine forms of Goddess Durga.
The festival is about celebrating the manifestation of Goddess Durga in nine different avatars – Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skanda Mata, Katyayani, Kalaratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidatri. Navaratri celebrations vary from region to region in the country. One of the most followed traditions, especially in states of Maharashtra and Gujarat, is wearing clothes according to Navratri colour of the day and observing fast in honour of the respective form of Navdurga.
How are Navratri colours decided and why do they change every year? The first colour of the Navratri is decided based on the week day when the festival begins or when Ghatsthapna or Pratipada falls. The remaining eight days then follow a fixed cycle of colors. Each day is dedicated to one particular form of Goddess Durga. Here’s a look at nine different colours to be worn on each day of Navratri 2017 festival according to Drik Panchang.
Navratri Colour of Day 1 – Yellow – Shailputri Puja
Navratri Colour of Day 2 – Green- Brahmacharini Puja
Navratri Colour of Day 3 – Grey – Chandraghanta Puja
Navratri Colour of Day 4 – Orange – Kushmanda Puja
Navratri Colour of Day 5 – White – Skandamata Puja
Navratri Colour of Day 6 – Red – Katyayani Puja
Navratri Colour of Day 7 – Royal Blue – Kalaratri Puja
Navratri Colour of Day 8 – Pink – Saraswati Puja, Durga Ashtami, Mahagauri Puja
Navratri Colour of Day 9 – Purple – Mahisasuramardini
The festival of Sharad Navratri is about the victory of good over evil. Goddess Durga killed the mighty demon king, Mahishasura when all Gods failed to save the universe from his tyranny. As per Rambha Kalpa, Goddess Durga in the form of 18 handed Ugrachandi killed Mahishasura. However, as per Neelalohita Kalpa, 16 handed Bhadrakali killed Mahishasura, and as per Shwetavaraha Kalpa, ten-handed Katyayani killed Mahishasura. The ferocious form of Maa Durga is worshipped by devotees to seek blessings for a happy and prosperous life. The rituals during Navratri festival is not just limited to dressing according to sacred colours but also sees nine-day long religious fastings, recitation of Durga Saptashati and Kanya Puja among others. We wish all the devotees of Maa Durga, a very Happy Navratri 2017.