Headache can be described as an unpleasant pain in the head. Usually it is experienced on both sides of the head and may last for 30 minutes to a week. It can occur in some specific areas like temples, forehead and back of the neck. The pain may range from mild to severe. The headache is caused by muscle strain, stress, pressure or anxiety. There are different types of headache and one of the most common types of headache is a tension headache. Other types of headaches include cluster headache, sinus headache, rebound headache and migraine headache. It is difficult to differentiate between the normal headache and the migraine headache but it is important to recognise the type of the headaches for its proper treatment and prevention in the future. (ALSO READ Headache due to acidity: Home remedies to cure headache due to acidity).

What is a migraine headache?

Migraine headache is a severe or intense pain on one or both the sides of the head. It also often involves pain in one ear or eye, nausea, upset stomach, sensitivity to sound or light, vomiting, temporary loss of vision and seeing flashing lights or spots. As compared to men, women are more likely to suffer from migraine.

Migraine headaches can be categorised into migraine without aura and migraine with aura. Aura is the sensation experienced by the person before the actual onset of the migraine headache. Typically, the sensations occur from 10 to 30 minutes prior to the headache and it include unusual sense of touch, taste or smell, numbness or tingling in the hands or face, seeing spots or flashing lights and trouble in thinking or feeling less alert. Some people may experience these sensations may occur a day or two prior to the migraine attack. There are many subtler symptoms during this phase. These signs include depression, neck stiffness, irritability, unusual craving for food, frequent yawning and constipation. Some less common symptoms include weakness on one side of the body and problem in speaking. (ALSO SEE Headache home remedy: These 6 home remedies for headache actually work).

Where does it hurt when you have a migraine?

Usually, just one side of your head is affected by the migraine headache but is also possible that a person may experience headache on both the sides. Migraine causes intense pain and it may be accompanied with throbbing sensation making it difficult to perform the daily tasks. Sometimes the headache is so severe that the patient is rushed to emergency room for the treatment. You may also experience pain behind one eye. The pain can range from moderate to severe. The pain gets worse with usual physical activity or when you are around light or sound.

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