New Delhi, April 14: Numerous parts of the country may witness a water crisis in the peak of summer months, reveals a data by metrological department. The data reveals that there is a mild to extremely dry conditions in 404 districts because of poor rainfall since October 2017. Out of 404 districts, about 140 districts were termed to severely extreme dry between the periods of October 2017 to March 2018. Amid the remaining districts, around 109 were termed moderately dry while a total of 156 districts had mild dry conditions.
According to the data, the January to March rainfall has put nearly 153 districts across the nation in the severe to the extremely dry category. The department calculated a number of 588 districts in all, reports Times of India. The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD)’s standard precipitation index(SPI), used to measure for determining metrological drought, reveals that about 368 districts across the country are under mild to extremely dry conditions. According to the reports, SPI is an accurate measure of rainfall distribution, accepted and used world widely.
The data of the department says that water shortages in many parts of the country existed earlier also but this year the conditions have worsened more due to the very poor rainfall in the winters. IMD data shows about a shortfall of 63 percent rainfall across the Nation between January and February. It also reveals 31 percent rain shortage between March and April.
The SPI data reveals that around 472 districts fall under the mild to extreme dryness, with 153 in severe to the extremely dry category. The driest districts in India are in north, central and west India and some parts of east such as Bihar and Jharkhand. Moreover, the large shortage of rainfall in North West India including the three hill states-Punjab Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.
The last monsoon, the districts faced 10 percent less rainfall. After this, it was worse with shortfalls of 54 percent between October and December and 67 percent in January and February. As per the latest government data, 91major reservoirs in the country were on average running at 25% of capacity. The states with lower water levels last year were Punjab, Jharkhand, Odisha, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Telangana.