New Delhi, Apr 18: The sex ratio in India will dip to 898 girls for 1,000 boys in 2031 from 939 in 2011 as India’s proportion of youth in the total population will fall, a new government study has projected.
A ministry of statistics and programme implementation report while quoting data from the Census and World Bank said that the negative aspect of youth in India was that the sex ratio among them has been consistently decreasing since 1991.
As per the report, titled ‘Youth in India‘, the reduction in sex ratio of youth is found to be much more than that of the overall population. It has come down to 939 in 2011 from 961 in 1971 and is projected to decline further to 904 in 2021 and to 898 by 2031.
The number of girls born for 1,000 boys — the definition of sex ratio — was 914 in 2011 and is projected to fall further in coming decades.
Director of a Delhi-based advocacy group, the Centre for Social Research, Ranjani Kumar was quoted as saying that the newborns would fall in the youth category in the next 20 years which will impact overall youth demography of the country.
The report projected that the proportion of the number of young people to population will fall for the first time from 34.8% in 2011 to 31.8% in 2031. “The share of youth in total population has increased from 30.6% in the year 1971 to 34.8% in the year 2011,” the report said.
However, the report also claimed that the statistics will not change India’s being the youngest country in the world as similar trends would be seen in China and Indonesia, the two other countries with a large young population.
“By 2010, India accounted for 17.8% of the world population, recording an increase of 2.7% in its share since 1970. This growth is projected to continue and by 2030, young Indians would account for 17.97% of global population,” the report said.
While the population of youth is projected to increase by about 68 million in 2031, the worrisome trend is of rising suicide among young. “Suicide among youth accounted for 33 per cent of such deaths in India in 2015, a three percentage point increase since 2010,” the report said.