New Delhi, August 06: Around 1.1 million Rohingya Muslims live in Myanmar, predominantly in Rakhine state. They claim that they are the descendants of Muslims– Persian and Arab traders– who came to the country. The sizable community speaks a language similar to the Chittagong’s Bengali dialect. They have been living with the Buddhists in the country.

They are often described as the most marginalised community of the world as no state accepts them as their own people. Myanmar treats them as illegal immigrants. Their movement in the country is restricted and they are not given the benefits of governmental services. The administration treats them as stateless people.

Why are they fleeing Myanmar?

An armed militant group, Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (Arsa) has come up to wage war against the state. On August 25, the armed militants allegedly launched a coordinated attack on police posts, killing 12 security personnel. The government has cracked down on the militia, killing more than 100 militants, forcing their exodus from Myanmar to Bangladesh.

While the refugees claim that they were massacred and soldiers raided their houses, the government says they themselves burnt their own houses.

What are India’s problem with Rohingyas?

Estimated 10-15 thousand Rohingyas reside in India illegally. They are working as labours and the majority stay in Jammu. Experts say that their presence near the border makes the government nervous as they vulnerable to falling prey to terror recruiters. Their vulnerability to terrorism is one of the main reasons for the government to push for deportation. MoS, Home Kirren Rijiju said that the government will not use force to remove them, but will deport them according to the law. A PIL has been filed in Supreme Court to stay their deportation.