New Delhi, July 20: The agreement between India and Japan for the cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy came into force on Thursday. This agreement between the two nations was inked on November 11, 2016, during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Tokyo. As per Japan Times, the pact can be terminated only if India carries out a nuclear test. With an aim to boost business ties, Japan signed the pact to sell nuclear power equipment and technology to India.
Japan, led by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, signed the pact with New Delhi for the very first time with a country that isn’t a member of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. The law of the treaty does not permit the non-members from developing and having nuclear weapons. The five nations that fall under the treaty are United States, China, Russia, United Kingdom and France. These nations, as per the treaty, have tested and built nuclear before January 1, 1967. The Nuclear Suppliers Group that consists of 48 countries like US, Japan, UK, China etc.
According to Al Jazeera, critics in Japan voiced concerns as they could foresee a risk in exchanging country’s technology with New Delhi. But, Abe put a full stop at the critics by saying that the deal has been inked for ‘peaceful’ commercial use. Same words were spoken by his counterpart PM Modi. This pact allows India to reprocess fuel and enrich uranium. Enriched uranium is required for making nuclear weapons and to do so a written permission will be required by Tokyo.
On inking such a pact with India, Abe in 2016 had said: ” It has been set in such a legal framework that India will act responsibly for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.” He also to the world informed that he has got India to participate in the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
PM Modi called this a historic move then that will help India in combat the climate change. Japan is the only country to witness the nuclear attack which is Hiroshima and Nagasaki in World War II.