Washington, Dec 7: The United States of America on Thursday remembered the 1941 attacks on its Naval base during the Second World War as the nation marked the 75th National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day. On this the Japanese forces targeted a Naval base in Hawaii, claiming lives of 2,400 soldiers, sailors and civilians and leaving thousands wounded.
Here are top 10 facts about the Attacks on Pearl Harbour on December 7, 1941
- The first wave of Japanese fighter jets fired on the island at 7.55 am Hawaiian time, followed by five other attacks which lasted till 9 pm
- The Naval base lied 4,000 miles away from Japan and 2,000 miles away from the US mainland
- The attack claimed lives of over 2,400 soldiers, sailors and civilians. The number of persons injured were in thousands
- In 2017, two of the veterans were to be awarded posthumously for their bravery saving lives of fellow sailors, while sacrificing their own, on that day
- Reports claim that at least 20 American naval vessels were destroyed in the attack, which includes eight massive battleships. Also over 300 aircrafts were destroyed
- The first U.S. ship which fired on the Japanese vessels during the Pearl Harbor attacks remained unseen at the bottom of the Ormoc Bay in the Philippines since it was destroyed by a kamikaze plane in 1944 and was recently found
- The President Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed the nation the next day and called December 7 ‘a date which will live in infamy’. He also called on legislators to approve a declaration of war against Japan
- Two months after the attack, President Roosevelt signed an Executive Order which initiated evacuation of all Japanese-Americans from the West Coast of the United States
- As per reports, in camps called ‘internment camps’, over 120,000 people were held for years during the Second World War amid severe violation of their civil liberties
- Many American media outlets also drew racist picture of the enemy including a piece by the US Time magazine which instructed people on how to differentiate ‘friends’ from the Japanese
After years of the war, several movies made about the day and memories shared by the Americans, this day is marked by the two countries with two different perspectives, one which witnessed the horror, the other which opened the door for the horror Japan witnessed years later after the dropping of the first nuclear bomb.