Lou Vincent’s Confession: A history of Match fixing in cricket

Cricket and its honour has suffered another setback recently when Lou Vincent, the former Kiwi batsman confessed of being involved in match fixing, marking the renowned game of gentleman with another huge dark spot that will take some for the fans to forget.

Now this is not the first time and most probably with the amount of money that has been flowing into the game via the routes of betting, this might not be the last time that this infamous incident takes place. Over the years a number of players have been accused and an equal number of players have confessed of being involved in fixing a particular part of the game.

Here we take a look at the number of incidents over the years that have brought disgrace to the game of cricket.

1981: Betting against their own team

Australian Cricketers Dennis Lillee and Rodney Marsh made a bet against their own team, backing England at the odds of 500 to one in the Headingley Test.

1992-93: Dean Jones offered money on Sri Lankan tour

Australian batsman Dean Jones claims to have been offered $50,000 by an Indian to provide information about the team during the Lankan tour.

1993: Another Australian approached to fix a deal

Allan Border claimed to have been offered £500,000 by Mushtaq Mohammed to lose a Test match against England.

1996: The first links with India

Sunil Dev, former Indian team manager alleged that some of the Indian players indulged in match fixing and demands a judicial enquiry. Actions were not taken in this particular case.

1997: Manoj Prabhakar’s shocking claims against his team mate

Manoj Prabhakar accuses a fellow Team-mate of offering him Rs 25 lakh to throw a match in Sri Lanka in 1994. His revelation leads the BCCI to appoint a commission to look into the allegation.

1998: The Pakistan side of the story

Pakistan bowler Ata-ur-Rahman accuses Wasim Akram of offering him Rs 3 lakh to bowl badly against New Zealand. Wasim Akram resigns as the captain of Pakistan.

1998

Rashid Latif accuses Wasim Akram, Salim Malik, Inzamam-ul-Haq and Ijaz Ahmed of fixing matches. He also accuses Salim Malik of fixing matches during Pakistan’s twin tour of South Africa and Zimbabwe in 1994-95. Malik was also alleged to have offered the Australians to lose a match on their tour to Pakistan, Malik was later banned by the PCB

April 7, 2000: The Hansie Cronje Saga

Delhi police charged Hansie Cronje with fixing South Africa’s ODIs against India. Delhi police also reveal that they possessed a conversation recorded during the ODI series between India and South Africa in March. They allege that the taped voices were of South African skipper Hansie Cronje and an Indian bookie, Sanjay Chawla. Hershelle Gibbs and Nicky Boje are also mentioned in the conversation. Cronje later agreed of the fact that he did except money from a London bookie to forecast results but not to fix matches, he was banned by the South African cricket board.

April 16, 2000

It is revealed that South Africa nearly accepted a $250,000 to lose a ODI against India in Mumbai in 1996. Although the deal was rejected after some of their top players including Jonty Rhodes disagreed.

May 24, 2000: Ban on Salim Malik

After a year long enquiry, Justice Qayyum finds Saleem Malik and Ata-ur-Rehman guilty of fixing matches and recommends life bans for the two. The report also says Wasim Akram and Mushtaq Ahmed should not be allowed to captain Pakistan in the future.

June 8, 2000

Herschelle Gibbs accuses Hansie Cronje of offering him a bribe to throw a match and tells the King Commission that he had accepted Cronje’s offer of $15,000 to score less than 20 runs in an ODI in India.

June 15, 2000

Cronje admits to taking money for giving information to bookmakers and asking his team-mates to play badly. But he tells the King Commission that South Africa had never thrown or fixed a match under his captaincy.

July 20, 2000: Azharuddin brings shame to Indian cricket

Indian income tax officials raid the homes of top cricket players, including those of the then national coach Kapil Dev, former players Azharuddin, Ajay Jadeja, Nayan Mongia and Nikhil Chopra.

October 11, 2000: Cronje Banned

Cronje is banned from cricket for life by the United Cricket Board of South Africa as a result of his admission that he received money from bookmakers.

October 31, 2000

Bookmaker MK Gupta names several players including Brian Lara, Dean Jones, Alec Stewart, Arjuna Ranatunga, Aravinda de Silva, Martin Crowe and Saleem Malik of being involved in match fixing, says a CBI report. The CBI also says that former India captain Mohammad Azharuddin confessed to fixing games with the help of colleagues Ajay Jadeja and Nayan Mongia.

December 5, 2000

BCCI bans Azharuddin for life and Ajay Jadeja for five years for their role in match-fixing. Ajay Sharma is also banned from the game for life, while Prabhakar and the Indian team’s former physiotherapist, Ali Irani, have been barred from holding any official post in Indian cricket for five years.

August 17, 2004

Kenyan player Maurice Odumbe is banned for five years by the Kenyan Cricket Association after he is found guilty of receiving money from bookmakers.

November 7, 2004

Stephen Fleming claims that he was offered $370,000 during the 1999 World Cup to join a match-fixing syndicate.

May 13, 2008: 

West Indies player Marlon Samuels is slapped a ban of two years for passing on information to an Indian bookie during an ODI series in India in 2007.

 August 29, 2010 –Pakistan under the scanner again, this time for spot fixing

Skipper Salman Butt, pacers Mohammad Asif and Mohammad Aamir, wicket-keeper Kamran Akmal and youngsters Umar Amin and Wahab Riaz are currently under the scanner for the same. The information was revealed by London based bookie Majhar Majeed

May 14, 2011- IPL Spot Fixing scandal
In between the frenzy of slam-bang cricket that IPL has become synonymous with came a startling revelation of spot-fixing during its fifth edition. A sting operation conducted by a news channel claimed to have unearthed shady deals among players, owners and organizers.

May 16, 2013: Rajasthan Royals’ players Sreesanth, Chandila, Chavan arrested for spot fixing

Rajasthan Royals pace spearhead S Sreesanth and two other players – Ankeet Chavan and Ajit Chandila – were arrested on charges of spot-fixing. The players are later banned from taking part in IPL and International cricket.

1st July, 2014: Lou Vincent and CLT20

Lou Vincent confesses of being involved in fixing matches and fixing matches in the CLT20. He is banned for life by the ECB.