Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) of 1973 empowers a magistrate to prohibit an assembly of more than ten people in an area. In such cases, a District Magistrate, a Sub-Divisional Magistrate or any other Executive Magistrate specially empowered by the state or central government has the power to issue order in urgent cases of nuisance of apprehended danger and any order passed under Section 144 shall be subject to sub-clause (4) and would be valid only for a period of two months. According to sections 141-149 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the maximum punishment is for 3 years and obstructing an officer trying to disperse an unlawful assembly may attract further punishment. The District Magistrate may order the implementation of Section 144 if he thinks that it may likely prevent obstruction, annoyance or injury to any person lawfully employed, danger to human life or safety, or a disturbance of the public tranquility, or a riot. Section 144 in India was designed by Officer Raj-Ratna E. F. Deboo IPS. He designed the section in about 1861 to control the overall crime rate in the state of Baroda. He was able to control the overall crime rate of the state and was awarded a gold medal by the Maharaj of Baroda Maharaja Gaekwad. The British used the section extensively to stop all the nationalists protest during the Indian Independence movement to stop all the nationalists protest. The law didnt change after the independence and it is still been used by the state and the central government. The government uses the section to prevent protest or demonstrations against the government. Section 144 has been in force in Kashmir more or less continuously since 2008. The issue was highlighted during the protest in the aftermath of 2012 Delhi gang rape where people went on the street opposing the government for their failure to govern. Most of the protest occurred near India Gate and to control the demonstration, a special executive magistrate used the section to impose prohibitory orders for up to six months around India Gate. However, the Delhi High Court in January 2013 issued a notice to the Delhi Police for the imposition of section 144 as the orders were contrary to the fundamental rights of citizens. Apart from Kashmir and Delhi, Section 144 has been imposed several times during the Jat agitation for reservation as well as during the Patidar reservation agitation. The most recent case of the imposition of Section 144 was in September 2016 in Bengaluru. Section 144 was imposed in Bengaluru after the Supreme Court ordered Karnataka to release 12,000 cusecs of Kaveri river water to Tamil Nadu. This led to widespread violence and to control the violence section 144 was used. Apart from maintaining the law and order of the country, Section 144 has been imposed in India for various other reasons too. Section 144 was declared during the senior secondary exams of 2011 in Udipi. The section was declared within a 100 meter radius from all the exam centers to prevent the malpractices and indiscipline during the exams. In October 2012, Section 144 was declared by the Collector of Thiruvananthapuram K.N.Sateesh to prevent the spread of dengue. In 2010, Section 144 was imposed in Himachal and the hunger strikers against the Renuka Dam in Himachal were arrested for violating the section. The section was imposed as the health of the strikers was getting worse. Section 144 was declared in Pune in all public parks on Valentines Day to prevent the immoral practices by young couples. The Section has received mixed reviews from the thinkers. Few thinkers state that there is a need of Section 144 as there are increasing cases of riots as well as there are many other protests in the country that leads to disturbance of the law and order in the country. Hence it is necessary that the Magistrates have such power to secure the safety of the common man and also maintain the peace and order in the area. However, there are many that Section 144 is a violation to right to liberty as well as other freedom rights granted to the citizens of the country under the fundamental rights of the Constitution, especially Article 21.