Alcoholism and Drug Addiction: A psychological addiction or a physical addiction

alcohol-and-cigYou might have seen or heard about smokers or drug addicts trembling when they don’t get a smoke or the specific drug. But is it true till the extent it has been spoken about? Drugs, alcohol and smoking cause a physical dependence as well as a psychological dependence. But which one is more? (A smartphone app when you have a black out)

The statistics below summaries a scientific research done before: 

Drug

Physical Dependence

Psychological Dependence

Heroine 3.0 3:0
Cocaine 1.3 2.8
Alcohol 1.6 1.9
Tobacco 1.8 2.6
Ecstasy 0.7 1.2
LSD 0.3 1.1

From the charts, it is clearly visible that substance abuse it more of psychological dependence rather than physical. Hence, in most of the cases the person feels like he must consume the drug or else something will happen to him. There are various ways to stop or at least reduce these addictions and psychological misinterpretations.

Treatment for drug abuse or dependence begins with recognizing the problem. (The best alcohol advertisement in the world)

Treatment of drug dependency involves stopping drug use either gradually or abruptly (detoxification), support, and staying drug free (abstinence).

  • Stop the Denial: Denial is one of the major reasons why people refuse to stop and get treated. We suggest that the family members should help the person out instead of confronting them which will cause them to deny even more or even worse, hide and continue their addiction.
  • Detoxification: It is the withdrawal of an abused substance in a controlled environment. Sometimes a drug with a similar action is taken instead, to reduce the side effects and risks of withdrawal. Detoxification can be done on an inpatient or outpatient basis.
  • Residential Treatment Programs and Support Groups : As with any other area of medicine, the least intensive treatment should be the starting point. Residential treatment programs monitor and point out possible withdrawal symptoms and behaviors of the addicts. These programs use behavior modification techniques, which are designed to get users to recognize their behaviors.  Programs include counseling, both for the person (and family), and in group environment. Drug abuse treatment programs have also provided peer support once these patients are out of the addiction.