Washington: According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the real effective depreciation of Indian rupee, as compared to December 2017, is between six and seven per cent.
The observation comes after the rupee touched a new low of 72.51 against the US dollar on Monday, down 0.90 per cent from its previous close of 71.86. The currency opened at 72.49 a dollar and touched a low of 72.69.
IMF spokesperson Gerry Rice said that the Indian rupee “has lost 11 per cent of its value in nominal terms vis a vis the US dollar”.
He, however, said the currencies of many of India’s trading partners, including those in the emerging markets, too have depreciated against the dollar.
“As a result, so far this year the real effective depreciation of the Indian rupees compared to December 2017 is, by our estimates, between six and seven percent,” Rice said.
Observing that India is a relatively closed economy, he said the contribution of the net exports to growth in the April to June quarter was again stronger than expected and the real depreciation of the rupee can be expected to reinforce this trend.
“On the other hand, the depreciation will obviously raise the prices of imported goods such as oil and petroleum products, potentially putting an upward pressure on inflation,” he said.
The Reserve Bank of India has taken the rising oil import prices into the account when it raised the policy rates in its last two meetings, he noted.
The IMF’s observation comes after Finance Minister Arun Jaitley blamed the depreciation of rupee to a combination of global factors, including trade war and internal policy decisions of the United States.
“These are impact of significant global phenomena which are going on. You have at least three, if not more, indications globally coming of what are the nature of things that are happening,” Jaitley said.
Elaborating further, the minister said the crude oil prices are increasing as there has been a squeeze on oil production which has upset the demand-supply ratio.
Also trade war between the US and China impacts a major currency in the Asian region, and therefore that creates an upheaval in the region, he said.
Referring to a recent report of the IMF on India, Rice said the Indian economy is recovering strongly from the two transitory disruptions in recent years – the Goods and Services Tax or GST and demonetisation process.
“Growth has been gradually accelerating in recent quarters, with strength in both consumption and investment, which have helped the economy,” he said.
Noting that the first quarter growth figures were somewhat stronger than the IMF had anticipated, Rice said the world body will be reviewing its forecast for India, taking account of it and the recent global developments.
Rice said the IMF continues to assess the impact of demonetisation on an ongoing basis.
As with most things, there have been pluses and there have been minuses of demonetisation, he said.
“The demonetisation did hinder the money supply, creating cash shortages, which also somewhat dampened consumer and business sentiment,” he said, adding, it resulted in relative slowdown in growth.
“On the other hand, its positive effects, I think, included enhanced digitalisation and higher formalisation of economy, which would help raise, amongst other things, the revenue and tax compliance,” he said.
According to the IMF spokesperson, there are already some signs of its positive effects.
“The growth in the number of new taxpayers, as documented by the Ministry of Finance, has been substantial in recent years,” he said, adding it is being monitored on an ongoing basis.
(With PTI inputs)