Let’s find out today what happened in history around the world. On this day in 1968, Martin Luther King Jr., American clergyman and civil rights leader was assassinated. He had received frequent death threats due to his prominence in the Civil Rights Movement. In 1973, the world’s first tallest building, World Trade Center was opened in Manhattan, New York, United States. In 1889, famous Hindi poet Makhanlal Chaturvedi was born. Today, we celebrate his 129th birthday. We have gathered information for you below about the events in history. Take a look:
4th April, 1973 – World’s tallest building, World Trade Center opens in New York
The World Trade Center was a large complex of seven buildings in Manhattan, New York. It had twin towers which opened on this day and were destroyed on September 11, 2001. The center was completed in 1972 and was the tallest building in the world for two years as it had 110 floors, surpassing the Empire State Building, which had held the record for 40 years. At 110 floors, the World Trade Center towers had more floors than any other building at that time. This number was not surpassed until the construction of the Burj Khalifa (163 floors), which opened in 2010.
4th April, 1889 – Pandit Makhanlal Chaturvedi’s 129th Birthday
Makhanlal Chaturvedi was a famous Hindi poet, writer, Hindi litterateur who was born in Babai village, Madhya Pradesh. Known as Panditji, he was a prominent freedom fighter and was the first person to receive the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1955 for his exceptional contribution to the Neo-Romanticism Movement in Hindi literature. He was also awarded a Padma Bhushan in the year 1963. As a journalist in the British period and even in the post-Independence time, Panditji kept using his pen to fight against ill-treatment and for an equal society. His popular works include Deep Se Deep Jale, Sahitya Devata, Yug Charan, Kaisa Chhand Banana Deti Hai.
4 April, 1968 – Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
Fifty years ago, Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. The murder of the civil-rights advocate at age 39 rocked a country where memories of the slayings of John F. Kennedy and Malcolm X remained fresh. He was shot at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. He was a prominent leader of the Civil Rights Movement and Nobel Peace Prize laureate who was known for his use of non-violence and civil disobedience. The King family and others believe the assassination was the result of a conspiracy involving the US government, mafia and Memphis police, as alleged by Loyd Jowers in 1993, and that Ray was a scapegoat.
Other Important Events on 4th April:
1916: American Senate approves participation in World War I
1975: Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800
1905: In India, an earthquake hits the Kangra Valley, killing 20,000, and destroying most buildings in Kangra, McLeod Ganj and Dharamshala.
1932: Rameshchandra Gangaram Nadkarni alias “Bapu Nadkarni”, cricketer (economical Indian slow left-armer 1956-68), is born in Nasik, Maharashtra.
1947: San Francisco’s Henry Grady chosen the first US ambassador to India.
1984: Squadron Leader Rakesh Sharma is the first Indian astronaut to go in space from Baikanaur aboard Soviet Space Craft ‘Soyuz 11’ and revolved around the earth.
1990: Lata Mangeshkar wins 1989 Dada Saheb Phalke award.
2000: A. B. Vajpayee, Prime Minister, inaugurates Samvidhan.com, a website about the Constitution. The site is a part of the Hindi portal, Webdunia.com.
2013: More than 70 people are killed in a building collapse in Thane, India.