The Constitution Day in India, also known as Samvidhan Divas, is celebrated on 26th of November every year to pay tribute to Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar by spreading the importance of the constitution, thoughts and ideas of BR Ambedkar. On this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, which went into effect on 26 January 1950. It was on November 19, 2015, when the government of India with the help of a gazette notification declared November 26 as the Constitution Day. There is as such no public holiday on this day. Earlier, this day was honoured as National Law Day, after a resolution by the Supreme Court Bar Association in 1979.
Dr. Ambedkar was invited by the Congress government to serve as a first law minister of India after India’s independence. He was appointed as the Constitution Drafting Committee’s Chairman on 29th of August, 1947. The constitution of India was adopted to constitute the country as an independent, communist, secular, autonomous and republic to secure the Indian citizens by the justice, equality, liberty and union.
For the first time, the constitution will be made available in Braille with the collective efforts of The Buddhist Association for the blind and the Saavi Foundation and Swagat Thorat. It will be made available in five parts for the benefit of visually challenged individuals. On Saturday, November 24, a rally was flagged-off from Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh to Rajamahendravaram by the Confederation of SC, ST, OBC and Minority Employees Associations in commemoration of the 69th Constitution Day. There were in total 69 vehicles that covered a distance of 500 km.
The fundamental rights are the basic rights of the common people and unchangeable rights of the people who enjoy it under the charter of rights contained in Part III (Article 12 to 35) of Constitution of India. These are a constant reminder to the citizens that they have duties in building up a free, egalitarian, healthy and responsible society. These are expected to act as a damper to reckless and anti-social activities on the part of some individuals.
List of Fundamental Duties:
1. To abide by the constitution and respect its ideal and institutions;
2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
3. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
5. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional diversities, to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
6. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
7. To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures;
8. To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
9. To safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
10. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.
11. Who is a parent or guardian, to provide opportunities for education to his child, or as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years.