India is celebrating the 70th Republic Day with great pride and patriotism today, January 26. On the occasion, Google has dedicated a colourful doodle depicting the iconic Republic Day parade and representing various components such as environment, architecture, wildlife, monuments and farming. The doodle also shows Rashtrapati Bhavan in the background which represents India’s heritage and architecture.

On this day in the year 1950, the Indian constitution came into effect and India became a republic nation. After a few days of independence, that’s on 28 August 1947, the drafting committee was set up to create a new and permanent constitution and the same was headed by Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar. The constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950 for the whole nation.  And that’s why Indians celebrate Republic day on January 26 and on this day India became independent republic country replacing the Government of India Act, 1935.

As per the Constitution of India, “It declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavors to promote fraternity among them.” As the people adopt the Indian constitution, it can never be upturned by parliamentary supremacy. The day was also chosen as Republic day as on this day in 1930 Declaration of Indian independence that’s Purna Swaraj was proclaimed by Indian national congress.

Although India’s constitution was adopted in November 1949 but on January 26 the document came into effect as it also commemorates Purna Swaraj Day. On January 26, 1930, the Indian National Congress issued a resolution declaring complete freedom from the British Raj.

India got its independence on 15 August 1947, it was still under the constitutional monarchy with George VI as head of state and Earl Mountbatten as governor general. Later, the drafting committee was appointed which was chaired by Dr B R Ambedkar on 28 August 1947 and on 26 November 1949, the constitution was adopted.

Wish you all a Happy Republic Day!