Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion. Today marks the birth anniversary of the ninth Guru. He is accredited with continuing the work of the first Guru Nanak and also creating 115 poetic hymns which can all be found in the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhism. is also considered to be the first human rights activist of India. He resisted the conversion of Kashmiri pundits and non-Muslims to Islam during the might Mughal era in the 17th century. As a result, he was publicly beheaded in 1675 on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
He has also dedicated his life to spreading the message of Guru Nanak, the first Guru of Sikhism. He was also a pacifist and propagated peace wherever he travelled. As a result, several places he visited now have gurudwaras or shrines to honour him.
During the 1600s, India was ruled by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. His aim was to convert India to an Islamic country so he started the forcible conversion of Hindus to Muslims and started from Kashmir and Punjab areas. Kashmiri pundits saw a Messiah in him and asked him to help them. Guru Tegh Bahadur sacrificed his life in order to stop this oppression. He resisted the conversion and stated that if Aurangzeb is able to convert him successfully then all the Hindus follow suit. Soon, Guruji was arrested along with his followers and was subjected to physical torture for many days.
On this day, Memorials and events are conducted in order to remember him and his ideals of freedom of faith and religion. It is very hard to associate with the sacrifices for any cause now as today we live modern times and thankfully we have freedom but that was not the case during the 1600s. Yes, people back in those eras were denied basic rights like following any religion they want to. Guru Tegh Bahadur is indeed the ideal example of humility, piety and compassion. His ideas are reflected through his life and poetical composition