India owes a lot to the world when it comes to number of inventions which took place over the time and centuries ago. India, has always been a step ahead then the western world; be it Science, Mathematics, Medical Science or Archaeological mastery. As India celebrates its 68th Independence Day today, we look back at things which were ‘Made in India’ and those inventions and discoveries which will make every Indian proud.
Yoga, yes you hear it right! Swami Ramdev on Aastha channel in morning may sound a cliché for Indians, but the truth is that Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.
2. Martial Arts
Bruce Lee is what rings in your ears when you hear about Martial Arts. But you’ll be surprised to know that Martial Arts were first created/ practiced in India and then later spread to China and then to the world by Buddhist missionaries.
Well, the world came to know Anaethesia in the 13th century; it has its origins in India beyond that. Extensive knowledge of medical branches such as anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity were discovered in India; vedic texts have confirmed that.
4. Maharishi Shushrata; Founding Father of Surgery
Founding father of Sugery is Indian? Yes! Shushrata practiced and taught surgery on the banks of river Ganga. He authored a book which had various volumes, collectively known as ‘Susrutha Samhita’. Shushruta practiced complicated surgeries like cataract, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones, plastic surgery and brain surgeries.
The term trigonometry was derived from Sanskrit. Trigonometry if broke up is derived from, Tri (Three) + Kona (Angle) + Miti (Parametre). ‘Sine and Cosine’ are also found from ‘jya and koti-jya’ of Sanskrit.
6. Quadratic Equations
Not many know that Quadratic Equations find it roots in India. The formula of Quadratic equations; ax^2 + bx + c =0, was first given by Sridharacharya in the 10 century.
India invented Zero. Well if only Zero had some value of its own, the Indians would have known that Zero was found by Indian scholars. The yesteryear song ‘Jab Zero Diya Mere Bharat Ne’ from Purab and Paschim starring Manoj Kumar, depicts the epicness of ‘Zero’ in a rightful way.
8. Place Value System and Decimal System
Ow Yes! The credit of inventing Place Value System and Decimal System also goes to us. It was a brainwork of Indian scholars as the systems were developed in India way back in 100 B.C.
9. Pi “π” and Pythagorean Theorem
Long before the European mathematicians, Indian mathematician Budhayana calculated the value of pi. Budhayana is also credited with the discovery of Pythagorean Theorem. Budhayana explained the concept in 6th century.
10. Time taken to orbit the Sun
Surprised? You got to be. It’s a rare known fact that the time to orbit the Sun was first and rightly calculated by Bhaskaracharya hundreds of years ago before the European scientists could find. According to Bhaskaracharya, the time taken to orbit the Sun was 365.258756484 days.
The art of Navigation was born centuries ago, near the river Sindh. The word navigation is also derived from Sanskrit word ‘Navgatih’.
12. World’s First Granite Temple
Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjavur in Tamil Nadu is the World’s first granite temple. The shikhara of the temple is made of a single piece of granite weighing 80-tonnes. The magnificent temple was built only in five years.
13. Snakes and Ladders
You have not enjoyed your childhood if you never played ‘Snakes and Ladders’. Snakes and Ladders was originally called Mokshapat. The game was created in the 13th century by poet-saint Gyandev. Ladders in the game depicted virtues, while snakes indicated vices.
14. Cricket Ground, Chail, Himachal Pradesh
Indians are also credited to build the world’s highest cricket ground. The ground at Chail in Himachal Pradesh was built in 1893 and the cricket pitch is reportedly 2,444 metres above sea level.
One would be delighted to know that the games of intellectuals Chess, was invented in India too. The earlier name of the much-loved game was ‘Ashtapada’.
16. Father of Medicine
The Father of Medicine, Charaka, consolidated the studies of Ayurveda 2500 years ago. Charaka is credited to be the main contributor to the science of Ayurveda; which is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind.
17. Power Values
Indians used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e. 10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5,000 B.C. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106. Even today, the largest used number is Tera: 10*12 (10 to the power of 12).
Be a proud Indian, Happy Independence Day! (Don’t forget to share Indians’ greatness)