May 1 marks Maharashtra Diwas, which is celebrated to commemorate the formation of the state of Maharashtra after its division from Bombay State on May 1, 1960. Also referred as Maharashtra Din, the day is marked with various cultural events and ceremonies showcasing the culture and traditions of Maharashtra. The day is also associated with parades, political speeches and ceremonies,
Maharashtra Day 2018: History, Significance & Formation of Maharashtra State
It was 56-years back when the existing state of Maharashtra was formed, hence the celebrations. The Indian state of Maharashtra was made on the basis of languages after defining boundaries under The State Reorganisation Act 1956. The original state was divided into Maharashtra and Gujarat on the basis of people who spoke Marathi, Konkani, Gujarati and Kutchi. But having two linguistic units in one state didn’t seem to work.
The Sanyukta Maharashtra Samiti then led the movement at the forefront and divided Bombay State into two states- one where people primarily spoke Gujarati and Kutchhi and the other where people primarily spoke Marathi and Konkani. The Bombay Reorganisation Act of 1960, which resulted in the two separate states of Maharashtra and Gujarat, was enacted by the Parliament of India on April 25, 1960, and thus, on May 1, 1960, Maharashtra attained its statehood.
Every year the Government of Maharashtra issues a notice declaring the 1st of May to be a public holiday to be celebrated as Maharashtra Day. Most schools, colleges, offices remain closed on this day under the jurisdiction of the State and Central Government. Maharashtra Din is commemorated with a parade at Shivaji Park, Dadar, where the Governor of Maharashtra makes a speech. On this day, the state government and private sector launch new projects and schemes. Liquor sales to Indians are prohibited on Maharashtra Diwas across the state.
Maharashtra Day 2018: How do people celebrate Maharashtra Diwas
Celebrations in Maharashtra include traditional Lavani performances, the narration of poetries written by Marathi saints and processions. Maharashtra’s history finds the reference in the 4th century as it has been a part of major dynasties including the Mauryas, Chalukyas, and Satavahanas. Several culture and architecture in the state have been left behind by these dynasties. The day also coincides with International Worker’s Day or Labour Day which is being observed since the 19th century.