Google is commemorating the works of renowned poet Mirza Ghalib with a doodle on his 220th birth anniversary. The Urdu poet during the Mughal era was known for his ghazals which has been translated and recited in many languages. The poet, whose original name is Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan was known by various names in different countries. In popular culture, he was commonly known as Ghalib (meaning conqueror). Born in Agra on December 27, 1797, during the reign of Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah, he started composing poems from the age of 11.
While he was known for his Urdu ghazals, he was educated in Persian and Arabic. He showed a gift for language at an early age and excelled in his field. Following the traditional Muslim customs of the era, he got married at the age of 13 and settled in Delhi. However, his life was filled with hardships and his poems always resonated the same. From losing his parents at an early age to being all of seven children dieing in their infancy and not having a regular paying job, Ghalib struggled throughout his life. Also, his poetry or works was not appreciated during his lifetime, most of the regard came posthumously.
He depended on his affluent friends and royalty financially. However, even during the hardships, Ghalib had an all-encompassing love for life. He was also known for his wit and intellect. Ghalib died on February 15, 1869. His house in Old Delhi has been turned into a memorial.
Regarded as one of the last great poets of the Mughal era, Ghalib was the poet tutor to the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar’s eldest son Prince Fakhr-ud Din Mirza. In 1850, he was honoured with the title of Dabir-ul-Mulk by the emperor. He was also appointed the royal historian of the Mughal court. Ghalib suffered for a living after the decline of the Mughal Empire. Even after trying his best, he could not restore his full pension when the British rule began