New Delhi: India is all set to celebrate its 70th Republic Day on January 26. It was on this day Constitution of India came into effect. The new Indian Constitution was sketched and approved by the Indian Constituent Assembly and decided to celebrate it on 26th of January every year as India became a republic country.
The drafting committee took 2 years 11 months and 18 days to draft the constitution and the makers had gone through 60 countries constitutions. Let us look into interesting facts about the world’s largest Constitution.
1. Women amongst the builders of our Constitution
The drafting committee of the Indian Constitution had just 15 women amongst them. They were identified as Nightingale of India Sarojini Naidu, Hansa Mehta, Durgabai Deshmukh, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, and Vijaylakshmi Pandit.
2. Drafting Committee
The Constituent was set up on 29 August 1947 under the leadership of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. The Committee took 11 sessions and covered a total of 165 days. In that period, the committee disposed of 2,473 amendments out of a total of 7,635 that were tabled!
3. Phases of Indian Constitution
The Constitution came in two phases. After gaining independence the Constitution came into effect on January 26, 1950. But it came into effect in parts- some articles came into effect on 26 November 1949 itself, while the rest came into effect on 26 January 1950.
4. Handwritten Copy
The original copy of the Constitution was not printed. It was handwritten in both English and Hindi. The pages were beautifully and decorated by artists from Shantiniketan. The original copy has been preserved in special helium-filled cases in the Parliament library.
5. When the word ‘Secular’ was added in Constitution
The Constitution Preamble originally described the Indian state as a “sovereign democratic republic”. It was changed in 1976 when it was amended to read, “sovereign socialist secular democratic republic”.