The hoopla around the Total Solar Eclipse 2017 visible in full glory for the entire North America has drawn the attention of the astrophile in India as well. Dubbed as the Great American Solar Eclipse due to the 14 states falling in the path of totality, it will fall on 21st August 2107, Monday. The two minutes forty seconds Total Solar Eclipse will be seen as partial eclipse for other countries. According to India Standard Timings, the eclipse would begin at 9.15 pm on August 21 and end at 2.34 am on August 22. As it is going to be a night time in India, there will be no visibility of Total Solar Eclipse 2017, hence making Surya Grahan Sutak not applicable for countrymen on the date. According to the Total Solar Eclipse schedule, more than 200 million Americans and visiting travelers from Oregon to South Carolinawill see the Sun go dark (obscured by the Moon) in a phenomenal cosmic spectacle. Total Solar Eclipse 2017 will be Best Seen in Madras, But Not Visible in India? City Wise Schedule & Time of This Year’s Eclipse.

What is Total and Partial Solar Eclipse?

According to the definition, the basic explanation coming from NASA – Solar Eclipses happens when the moon moves between Earth and the sun. You might think that this should happen every month since the moon’s orbit, depending on how it is defined is between about 27 and 29 days long. But our moon’s orbit is tilted with respect to Earth’s orbit around the sun by about five degrees. Not much, you say? Yes, but the moon, itself, is only about ½ degree in width in the sky, about ½ the width of your pinky finger held at arm’s length. So, sometimes the moon misses too high and sometimes too low to cause a solar eclipse. Only when the sun, the moon, and Earth line up close to the “line of nodes”, the imaginary line that represents the intersection of the orbital planes of the moon and Earth, can you have an eclipse.

A total solar eclipse occurs when the moon comes between Earth and the sun, blocking our view of the sun. The sun’s corona, its upper atmosphere, will still be visible, creating a “halo” effect. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth’s surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. The event can take up to three hours from beginning to end, while the exact moment that the moon covers the sun lasts around two minutes and 40 seconds.

Solar Eclipse in India 2017 Time and Visibility

The United States of America is experiencing a total solar eclipse after record 99 years, when it occurred on June 8, 1918. It was visible across the entire contiguous US, consisting of the 48 adjoining U.S. states plus Washington, D.C. minus states of Alaska and Hawaii and all off-shore United States territories and possessions. The path of totality will touch 14 states, although a partial eclipse will be visible in all fifty states. According to eclipse2017.nasa.gov, the event’s shadow will begin to cover land on the Oregon coast as a partial eclipse at 4:06 p.m. GMT (9:06 a.m. PDT) on August 21, and its land coverage will end later that day as a partial eclipse along the South Carolina coast at about 6:44 p.m. GMT (2:44 p.m. EST).

This Solar Eclipse will only be visible in other countries as a partial eclipse. For countries such as India, there Total Solar Eclipse would begin at 9.15 pm on August 21 and end at 2.34 am on August 22, the next day. But because it is going to be night time on the date, the solar eclipse will not be visible in India. The space lovers and sky gazers have either flocked to the US coasts to catch a glimpse of the Solar Eclipse 2017 or will be following the live streaming and updates provided by the NASA.

What is Surya Grahan Sutak? Will it be applicable on 21st August?

According to Drik Panchang, Sutak is defined as ‘certain inauspicious time before Surya Grahan (Solar Eclipse) and Chandra Grahan (Lunar Eclipse). According to Hindu beliefs, the Earth atmosphere is contaminated during Sutak, and extra precautions should be taken to avoid any harmful side effects due to contamination. Earlier this month on August 7, believers observed Chandra Grahan Sutak before the Partial Lunar Eclipse, which is usually observed for 3 Prahars before Eclipse. But considering, Total Solar Eclipse 2017 on 21st August is not visible in India; Surya Grahan Sutak will not be applicable. Nevertheless, according to astrospeak, no auspicious event is carried out during Sutak Kaal, which starts 12 hours prior the occurrence of the Eclipse. (Edited By: Rashmi Mishra).