April 18 is annually observed as the International Day for Monuments and Sites (IDMS), also known as World Heritage Day. This day is celebrated to remind the citizens about beautiful places or heritage sites in our country. Also, to give importance and recognition to architects, engineers, geographers, civil engineers, artists and archaeologists dealing with the site. It aims to bring global attention to conserve monuments and sites. The day is supported by the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). UNESCO has listed 32 sites in India as part of its World Heritage Sites in the world. However, many of us aren’t too familiar with all.
International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) is a non-governmental organization that works on preserving and conserving historical and archaeological heritage sites worldwide. On April 18, 1982, ICOMOS suggested that the day will be celebrated as the International Day for Monuments and Sites and UNESCO approved the proposal the next year during its 22nd General Conference.
Every year, ICOMOS proposes a theme for the celebrations and activities to do on World Heritage Day. This year’s theme is Rural Landscapes. This theme is linked to ICOMOS Scientific Symposium on Rural heritage which is to take place in October in Marrakesh, Morocco.
Top 5 UNESCO World Heritage sites in India:
Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Aurangabad
Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai
Kaziranga National Park, Assam
Nanda Devi, Uttarakhand
Khajuraho Temples, Madhya Pradesh