World Population day is held on 11 July every year, this day is observed to create an awareness regarding the population issues faced globally. This day has been established by the United Nations Development Programme in 1989.

This day was inspired when the global world population approximately hit 5 billion on Jul 11, 1987. The World Population day deals with issues like gender equality, poverty, family planning, maternal health and human rights.

Dr KC Zachariah suggested observing this day when the global population surpassed 5 Billion while working as a demographer at the World Bank.

The theme this year is “Family Planning is a Human Right” and it also marks 50 years of observing the World Population Day. The UNDP for the first time has put a focus on family planning to be a human right.

The official website states that according to the conference outcome document “parents have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children,” and specifically focusing on the right that women should have to, ” avoid the exhaustion, depletion and danger of too many pregnancies, too close together. Men and women have the right to choose when and how often to embrace parenthood — if at all. Every individual has the human right to determine the direction and scope of his or her future in this fundamental way.”

The nine standards that have been outlined towards the human right to family planning are non-discrimination, available, acceptable, good quality, informed decision-making, privacy and confidentiality, participation and accountability.