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Board Examinations 2017: Over 1 crore students appear for exams, is India equipped to provide higher education to all

Over 1 crore students have appeared for Board examinations 2017, is India equipped to provide higher education to all, report.

Published: May 19, 2017 4:28 PM IST

By Kanika Khurana

The ILO said the present slowdown means that many workers will have to accept lower quality jobs.
The ILO said the present slowdown means that many workers will have to accept lower quality jobs.

It is the end of another academic cycle as students gear up for results of Board Examinations 2017. The massive scale of the examinations is only a small insight into the young Indian population. As per various reports, over 1 crore students have appeared for various Board examinations 2017. Central Boards and State Boards numbers when combined provide a mind boggling figure. As students wait for their results for various board examinations, we look to seek the answer. Is India equipped to provide Higher Education to all? Yes. Questions arise about the quality of education and employ-ability.

The largest board by far is the Uttar Pradesh Board where a total of 26 lakh students have registered for 12th class board examinations. Another 10.9 lakhs for CBSE Board Exams, 8 odd lakhs for MP Boards and so on. Discounting the students who have appeared in their Class 10 or HSC or Matric examinations, if only the students in class 12 are counted, the numbers are staggering to over 1.43 crores approximately. Here is a look at the approximate number of students who have either registered/appeared in the 12th class exam. Also Read | CBSE Class 12th Exam Results 2017: News of Lower percentages creates panic in students, teachers clarify

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Name of the BoardStateTentative Number of students in 12th Board 
Central Board of Secondary EducationNational                      1,100,000
Council of Indian School Certification ExaminationNational                            74,544
Board of Intermediate EducationAndhra Pradesh                         508,186
Assam Higher Secondary Education Council (AHSEC)Assam                         412,301
Bihar School Examination Board (BSEB)Bihar                      1,000,000
Chattisgarh Board of Secondary Education (CGBSE)Chattisgarh                         200,000
Goa Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Examination (GBSHSE)Goa                            16,000
School Education BoardGujarat                         500,000
Board of School EducationHaryana                         250,447
HP Board of School EducationHimachal Pradesh                         100,000
J&K Board of School EducationJammu & Kashmir                            50,000
Jharkhand Academic CouncilJharkhand                         320,000
Department of Pre-University EducationKarnataka                         684,247
Directorate of Higher Secondary Education, KerelaKerela                         366,139
Board of Secondary Education, Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh                         770,000
Maharashtra State Board of Secondary & Higher Secondary EducationMaharashtra                      1,500,000
Board of Secondary Education, ManipurManipur                            35,000
Meghalaya Board of School EducationMeghalaya                            40,000
Mizoram Board of School EducationMizoram                         400,000
Nagaland Board of School EducationNagaland                            10,000
Council of Higher Secondary EducationOdisha                         373,000
School Education BoardPunjab                         324,000
Board of Secondary EducationRajasthan                         400,000
Directorate of Government Examinations Tamil NaduTamil Nadu                         898,763
Board of Intermediate EducationTelangana                         500,799
Tripura Board of Secondary EducationTripura                            25,000
Madhyamik Shiksha ParishadUttar Pradesh                      2,624,681
Board of School Education, UttarakhandUttarakhand                         150,000
West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary EducationWest Bengal                         800,000
Total (Approximately)                   14,433,107

Please note that not all the figures are exact. While some have been rounded off to the nearest number, it can be easily expected that the total number is well over 1 crore. Discounting the students who fail to clear the examination, the numbers are still very high. With a pass percentage average of 70 percent, nearly 70 lakh students would now be ready to apply to various universities, colleges and vocational courses. Also, another chunk of students would be appearing for 12th Boards through open schools. Though India has enough Universities, Engineering Colleges and Polytechnics, the number for quality institutes fall short. It is a fact that not many Indian Universities have a spot in the top Universities of the world. As far as engineering is concerned, we still have a large population of engineering graduates every year but 70 percent are not employable. Also Read | List of Engineering Colleges closing down in 2017: Technical Institutes shutting down in India even as country pushes STEM Education, report

Thinking ahead, at least 70 percent of the candidates who complete their higher studies would be ready for jobs after three years. That in itself is about 50 lakh fresh graduates from different walks of life. The question that worries us all at this stage is…Is India generating 50 lakh jobs every year to provide for its educated youth? The numbers are massive. Only a small percentage of this number, as per studies conducted by MHRD, would then continue with further Higher Studies. A smaller still percentage would get to a doctorate level.

Adding more to the plate, In spite of actually dolling out such large numbers on an yearly basis, our villages are stretched for doctors and teachers, almost all departmental office is short of hands and there is a massive shortage of skilled professionals. However, you look at it, the numbers present a very interesting view of the tip of the iceberg as far as India’s Human Resource Development is concerned. We need more colleges, more medical institutes, research centers and more importantly, jobs. To effectively employ India’s true resource – the young population.

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