New Delhi, Feb 26: A report from National Foundation for American Policy shows the number of Indian students enrolled in graduate level programme in computer science and engineering in the United States has declined by 21 percent from 2016-2017. Also Read - Now, A Squirrel in US Tests Positive For the Bubonic Plague, Twitter Says '2020 Has No Chill'

The report indicated that decline is attributed to US president Donald Trump’s restrictive visa and work policies. Last year, US has made H-1B visas rules more tougher which has affected the prospects of attracting foreign students making a significant contribution to the US economy. The H-1B visas allow US companies to hire foreign talent for temporary employment. The non-immigrant workers are selected through a lottery system. Indian IT companies are the largest users of this type of visa applications. Also Read - Trump Administration Rescinds Controversial International Students Visa Policy After US Institutions Take Legal Action

Recently, also United States has announced new visa policy that makes the procedure of issuing H-1B visas to those to be employed at one or more third-party worksites very tough. Under the new policy, firm would have to prove H1 employee at third-party worksites has specific and non-qualifying speculative assignments in specialty occupation. Also Read - Google, Facebook, Microsoft Join Harvard University in Lawsuit Against US Student Visa Rule

The central government’s demonetisation move is also major reason for the decline in Indian student studying abroad. Indian students mostly prefer United States for further studies. According to the ministry of external affairs estimate there were 206,708 Indian students studying in the US in 2017.

International students not just from India, are backing out from applying to the US and looking at other alternatives, because the increasing anti-immigrant policies of the Trump administration are dampening enthusiasm among students for studying in the US.

Trump’s travel ban and hardline immigration policies have put off students from the Middle East and Muslim majority countries — that’s not surprising. But, initial findings of the survey also point to a decline in applicants from India and China, which together provide nearly half of the US’s international students.