Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS) conducts a series of written tests called Common Written Examination (CWE), for the selection of personnel for various posts in Public Sector Banks and Regional Rural Banks. Also Read - Puducherry Proposes 10% Quota For Government School Students in Medical Courses

The examination includes main heads like (i) General Awareness, (ii) English Language, (iii) Numerical Ability, (iv) Reasoning, and also (v) Computer Knowledge. Read this article to know what kind of question were asked in the English Language Section from the question paper of the year 2011. Also Read - West Bengal MBBS Seats Increased to 4,000: CM Mamata Banerjee

Directions (Q. 51 to 65) : Read the following passage to answer the given questions based on it. Some words/phrases are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions. Also Read - Will Convert All State-Run Madrasas Into a General School: Assam Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma

India’s manufacturing growth fell to its lowest in more than two years in September 2011, reinforcing fears that an extended period of high policy rates is hurting growth, according to a closely watched index.

The HSBC India Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), based on a survey of over 500 companies, fell to 50.4 from 52.6 in August and 53.6 in July. It was the lowest since March 2009, when the reading was below 50, indicating contraction. September’s index also recorded the biggest one-month fall since November 2008.

The sub index for new orders, which reflects future output, declined for the sixth successive month, while export orders fell for a third month the back of weakness in global economy.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) last week indicated it was not done yet with monetary policy tightening as inflation was still high. The bank has already raised rates 12 times since March 2010 to tame inflation, which is at a 13-month high of 9.78%.

Economists expect the RBI to raise rates one more time but warn that targeted growth will be hard to achieve if the slump continues. “This (fall in PMI) was driven by weaker orders, with export orders still contracting to the weaker global economic conditions,” HSBC said in a press release quoting its chief economist for India & ASEAN.

PMI is considered a fairly good indicator of manufacturing activity the world over, but in the case of India, the large contribution of the unorganised sector yields a low correlation with industrial growth.

However, the Index for Industrial Production (IIP) has been showing a weakening trend, having slipped to a 21- month low of 3.3% in July. The core sector, which consists of eight infrastructure industries and has a combined weight of 37.9% in the IIP, also grew at only 3.5% in August.

The PMI data is in line with the suffering manufacturing activity in India as per other estimates. Producers are seeing that demand conditions are softening and the outlook is uncertain, therefore they are producing less.

Employment in the manufacturing sector declined for the second consecutive month, indicating it too was under pressure. This could be attributed to lower requirement of staff and rise in resignations as higher wage requests go unfulfilled, the HSBC statement said.

On the inflation front, input prices rose at an 11-month low rate, but despite signs of softening, they still remain at historically high levels.

While decelerating slightly, the readings for input and output prices suggest that inflation pressures remain firmly in place.

Most economists feel the RBI is close to the end of its rate hike cycle. Even the weekly Wholesale Price Index (WPI) estimates have started showing signs of softening, having fallen more than one percentage point.

51. The PMI is based on surveys of

  1. Individual Consumers
  2. Companies
  3. Countries
  4. Economists
  5. Banks

52. Which year did PMI record the biggest one-month fall since 2008?

  1. 2008
  2. 2009
  3. 2010
  4. 2011
  5. None of these

53. Which of the following explains the phrase, as used in the passage, – “….it was not done yet?”

  1. It is over now
  2. There is no hope
  3. There is still hope
  4. Rates will be further raised
  5. PMI will further fall

54. Which of the following is indicated by the sub index for new orders?

  1. Export orders
  2. WPI
  3. Inflation
  4. Output price
  5. Future output

55. How many Companies are included in PMI data from India?

  1. About 100
  2. Less than 10
  3. Between 100 to 300
  4. More than 500
  5. More than 10,000

56. Which of the following is the prediction of economists about RBI’s rate hike cycle, as per the passage?

  1. There will not be many rate hikes
  2. The rate reduction cycle will start soon
  3. There will be many more rate hikes
  4. Not indicated in the passage
  5. None of these

57. Which of the following is not true about PMI data in India?

  1. It reflects decline in manufacturing
  2. In September 2011, PMI was 50.4
  3. Reduction in export support PMI data
  4. Other related estimates support PMI data
  5. PMI data is reported once in 3 months

58. PMI is used __________

  1. Only in India
  2. World over
  3. Only in ASEAN Countries
  4. Only in Developed Countries
  5. Only in Developing Countries

59. Which of the following is indicated as one of the reasons for the fall in PMI?

  1. Less number of orders were placed
  2. Unorganised sector failed to give the required results
  3. Industrial unrest reduced manufacturing
  4. RBI has stopped raising the rates
  5. WPI has shown signs of softening

60. Which of the following is correct in the context of the passage?

  1. India’s manufacturing growth was lowest in 2010
  2. PMI is not affected by high policy rates
  3. Employment in manufacturing sector was also affected adversely
  4. The input prices were lowest in 2011 as compared to earlier years
  5. IIP was 37.9% in August

Directions (Q. 61 to 63) : Choose the word(s) which is most neatly the same in meaning to the word printed in bold, as used in the passage.

61. yields

  1. relents
  2. submits
  3. produces
  4. reduces
  5. withstands

62. tame

  1. increase
  2. timid
  3. study
  4. control
  5. understand

63. still

  1. silent
  2. now as before
  3. nevertheless
  4. quiet
  5. in spite of

Directions (Q. 64 & 65) : Choose the word(s) which is most opposite in meaning of the word printed in bold, as used in the passage.

64. reinforcing

  1. contradicting
  2. wishing
  3. jolting
  4. forcing
  5. re-inventing

65. slump

  1. output
  2. rise
  3. slide
  4. slack
  5. input

Directions (Q. 66 to 70) : In each question below, a sentence with four words printed in bold type is given. These are numbered as (1), (2), (3) and (4). One of these four words printed in bold may be either wrongly spelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence. Find out the word, which is wrongly spelt or inappropriate, if any. The number of that word is your answer. If all the words printed in bold are correctly spelt and also appropriate in the context of the sentence, mark (5) i.e. ‘All Correct’ as your answer.

66. Another advantage (1) is that technology (2) can be quickly (3) adapted (4) to the client’s needs. All correct (5)

67. It freed me to enter (1) one of the most (2) creatively (3) periods (4) of my life. All correct (5)

68. About 4,500 private (1) and 2000 government hospitols (2)are empanelled (3) under the scheme. (4) All correct (5)

69. More often (1) then (2) not we feel concerned (3) with the development around (4) us. All correct (5)

70. Software (1) makers in India are facing (2) a huge (3) presure. (4) All correct (5)

Directions (Q. 71 to 75) : In each of these questions, two sentences (I) and (II) are given. Each sentence has a blank in it. Five words (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits at both the places in the context of each sentence. Number of that word is the answer.


I. The truck stopped _____________.

II. We take a __________ walk every day

  1. suddenly
  2. long
  3. short
  4. distant
  5. near


I. I got the grains ______________ in the machine.

II. I do not have any ________ for doubting him.

  1. done
  2. basis
  3. ground
  4. crushed
  5. tune


I. We were asked to design a ____________ of the dam.

II. This Institute is a ___________ of modern thinking.

  1. picture
  2. type
  3. function
  4. fabric
  5. model


I. Keep a _____ grip on the railing.

II. He was ____ asleep.

  1. fast
  2. firm
  3. deep
  4. strong
  5. sure


I. He asked me to ___________ over the fence.

II. We should keep the valuables in the ____.

  1. vault
  2. cross
  3. safe
  4. tie
  5. locker

Directions (Qs. 76 to 80) : Which of the phrase (1), (2), (3) and (4) given below should replace the phrase given in bold in the following sentence to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’, select (5) as the answer.

76. Most of time, strangers have helped me in critical situations.

  1. Many a time
  2. At time
  3. More of time
  4. At odd period
  5. No correction required

77. The reality is that India needs a strong, efficient and competitive aviation sector.

  1. what India needs
  2. that India need
  3. therefore India need
  4. needs India
  5. No correction required

78. I have known this industry since the last two decades.

  1. since last two decade
  2. ever since the last two decades
  3. for the last two decades
  4. from the last two decades
  5. No correction required

79. Today’s children have far most knowledge and far less patience compared to our generation.

  1. much most knowledge
  2. far most knowledgeable
  3. by far higher knowledge
  4. far more knowledge
  5. No correction required

80. Of late, Bonsai trees have attracted the attention of one and all.

  1. some and all
  2. many and all
  3. everyone and all
  4. none and all
  5. No correction required

Directions (Qs. 81 to 90) : Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical mistake/error in it. The error if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Choose the number of the part with error as your answer. If there is no error choose (5).

81. All companies must (1)/ send its annual report to (2)/ its shareholders twenty-one days (3)/ before the Annual General Body Meeting (4)./ No error (5)

82. To be an effective manager (1)/it is vital to (2) / know the goals and vision (3)/ of your organisation. (4)/ No error (5)

83. His aim is (1)/ provided cheap and (2) / reliable internet facilities (3)/ to every village within five years. (4)/ No error (5)

84. Bank notes have (1)/ many special features so (2)/ that bank staff can (3)/ easier identify fake notes. (4)/ No error (5)

85. According to the Census Bureau, (1)/ India will have (2)/ a more population (3)/ than China by 2025. (4)/ No error (5)

86. The state government has (1)/ issued licences to farmers (2)/ allowing them to sell (3)/ its vegetables to hotels. 4)/ No error (5)

87.  Many people decide (1)/ not to buy a car (2)/ last Diwali because of (3)/ the high price of petrol last year (4)/ No error (5)

88. We plan to (1) / sell part of our (2)/ business therefore we have (3)/ to repay a loan. (4)/ No error (5)

89. The Reserve Bank of India is (1)/ the only central bank in (2)/ Asia which have (3)/ raised interest rates in September. (4)/ No error (5)

90. Under this scheme, (1)/ insurance companies will reimburse (2)/ any expenditure on medicines (3)/ if you submitting the original bills. (4)/ No error (5)

Directions (Qs. 91 to 100) : In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Today experts all over the world are of the opinion that agriculture will affect the future of the world.

The world has a serious food (…91…) and the only way to solve (…92…) is if more people take up (…93…). Moreover since the 1980s, technology and finance jobs (…94…) been die basis of America’s economy. (…95…), in recent times, farmer’s incomes have risen (…96…). It has also been a long time (…97…) farming was a major source of employment, but data (…98…) that unemployment in America is (…99…) in states where farming is the (…100…) occupation.

As the demand for food is rising what the world needs today is more farmers.


  1. trouble
  2. problem
  3. doubt
  4. discussion
  5. production


  1. how
  2. usually
  3. it
  4. these
  5. which


  1. farming
  2. time
  3. matter
  4. offer
  5. job


  1. also
  2. has
  3. not
  4. have
  5. were


  1. However
  2. Instead
  3. Despite
  4. Again
  5. Still


  1. much
  2. up
  3. above
  4. sharply
  5. highly


  1. when
  2. since
  3. while
  4. as
  5. after


  1. collected
  2. informs
  3. calculate
  4. analysed
  5. show


  1. lowest
  2. smaller
  3. decreased
  4. important
  5. not


  1. mostly
  2. best
  3. suitable
  4. superior
  5. main

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