MBA Group Discussion topics are especially chosen to compel students to think and analyze an issue. In a GD round, candidates are evaluated on the clarity of their thought, awareness of things happening around them and their power of expression. Also Read - West Bengal MBBS Seats Increased to 4,000: CM Mamata Banerjee

Here, we will discuss the complex relationship of democracy and terrorism. We have been trained to think that democracy can help in controlling terrorism. People brought up in a liberal environment can easily find ways to express their political views peacefully, without resorting to ‘guns’ and ‘bombs’. Repression of voices on the other hand breeds terrorism. Is this true? Let’s delve deeper in the issue: Also Read - Will Convert All State-Run Madrasas Into a General School: Assam Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma

Arguments linking Terrorism to Democracy Also Read - Anything For Education: Goa Students Trek 3km Everyday to Reach Hilltop to Access Internet For Online Classes

Absence of non-state Terrorism in totalitarian societies: Repressive governments that use extreme methods of interrogation and do not require collection of evidence for a trial have been found to be relatively free of . Whether it was Nazis in Germany, KGB in Russia or Saddam Hussein in Iraq, they eliminated dissidents or presumed dissidents. As a result, there were hardly any outbreaks of terrorism. are more vulnerable to terrorism as they are open politically, respect civil liberties and there are restrictions on investigations and surveillance by the security forces. Hence, terrorist groups have more opportunities to network and operate more easily.

Presence of free press: In democracy, terrorist groups have free access to publicize their view through media during trials. Hence, their messages are carried forward and result in more political violence. When West Germany turned to democracy, terrorist incidents noticeably increased.

Arguments that say Democracy mitigates Terrorism

Studies indicate Democracy is not linked to Terrorism: Eyerman study on democracies between 1968 and 1986 revealed that democracies were less likely to experience terrorism activities unless they were new. Correlations for levels of democracy with incidents of international terrorism were found to be invariably negative in another study.

Regimes in transition are more vulnerable: Presence of political system can be a confounding factor in newer democracies that experience higher number of terrorism incidents.

Conclusion

Not all democracies are equally vulnerable to terrorism. There is no strong evidence to suggest that democracies are more prone to . If new democracies are more prone to terrorism, it could be because of political uncertainty of the region. Additional analysis will be needed to find if there is linkage between political openness and terrorism.

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