Seven Wonders of the World (2000–2007) was an initiative started in 2000 as a Millennium project to choose Wonders of the World from a selection of 200 existing monuments. The popularity poll was led by Canadian-Swiss Bernard Weber and organized by the New 7 Wonders Foundation based in Zurich, Switzerland, with winners announced on 7 July 2007 in Lisbon. Here is a list of the new 7 wonder of the world:
Great Wall of China: 700 BC – The foundation of the Great Wall of China dates back to 700 BC. It is a chain of fortifications built out of stone, brick, wood and other materials. Many of these walls were built as early as the 7th Century B.C. The primary purpose of these walls was protection of China against intrusions and invasions. The main Great Wall line stretches from Shanhaiguan in the east, to Lop Lake in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mangolia. An archaeological survey found that the entire wall with all of its branches measure out to be 21,196 km (13,171 mi).
Petra: 312 BC – One of the most-visited tourist destinations of Jardan, Petra is a city rich in archeology and history. This city, also known as Rose City, is famous for its rock-cut architecture. The name Rose City is derived from the color of the stone out of which it is carved.  It lies on the slope of Jebel-Al-Madhbah; in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah, the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra was chosen by the Smithsonian Magazine as one of the “28 Places to See Before You Die”.
Colosseum: 70 AD – This elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy, was built in around 70 AD. Estimated to host a whooping 50,000 to 80,000 spectators, it has been said to be used for gladiatorial contest and public spectacles. The Colosseum was built out of concrete and stone and is the largest amphitheatre in the Roman Empire, as well as in the world. It is Rome’s one of the most-visited destinations and on each Good Friday, the Pope leads a torch-lit “Way of the Cross” procession beginning from the Colosseum. In the year 1980, the Colosseum was declared as a World Heritage site by the UNESCO.
Chichen Itza: 600 AD – The Chichen Itza, located in the Mexican state of Yucatan was built by the Maya people of the Post Classic. Chichen Itza is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico; an estimated 1.2 million tourists visit the ruins every year. Chichen Itza was one of the largest Maya cities and it was likely to have been one of the mythical great cities, or Tollans, referred to in late Mesoamerican literature. The city may have had the most diverse population in the Maya world, a factor that could have contributed to the variety of architectural styles at the site.
Machu Picchu: 1438 AD – This 15th century site, located at 2,430 meters (7,970 ft) above sea level, is located in the Cusco Region of Peru. The literary meaning of Machu Picchu is “old peak”. This estate was built by the Incas in around 1450, but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham. It was built in classical Inca style with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Inti Watana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. These are located in what is known by archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu.
Taj Mahal: 1632 AD – The Taj Mahal was built the Mughal Emperor Shaha Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. It is located in the city of Agra, India. It is regarded as the finest example of Mughal architecture. The construction began in the year 1932 and it took around thousands of artisans and craftsmen. The entire construction was completed in the year 1653 and built out of white marble and finest jewels. The entire structure is very intricate and an integrated complex of structures. It was announced as the World Heritage site by the UNESCO in the year 1983.
Christ the Redeemer: 1926 AD – This 30 meters (98 feet) tall and 28 meters (92 feet) wide statue of Jesus Christ was considered as the world’s largest Art Deco from 1931 to 2010. It has a pedestal 0f 8 meters (26 feet), and weighs around 635 tones. It is located at the peak of the 700 meters (2,300 feet) Corcovado Mountain in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone. The construction of the statue began in 1922 and was completed in the year 1931. The construction took nine years, from 1922 to 1931 and a cost the equivalent to US$250,000 ($3,300,000 in 2014) was incurred.
Image Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons
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