Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi visited Russia from December 23-24, 2015 to attend the 16th India-Russia Annual Summit at the invitation of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin. This was the first bilateral visit made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Russia. Prime Minister Narendra Modi held bilateral talks with the President of Russia Vladimir Putin and the Prime Minister of Russia Dmitri Mdevdev as part of the visit. The Prime Minister discussed various global and regional issues apart from cooperation in the field of Nuclear energy, Trade and Defence. A total of 16 agreements/ Memorandum of Understandings (MoU’s) were signed by the two countries during the visit. Also Read - CBSE & ICSE Board Exams 2021: Top 7 Things to do For Preparation |Watch Video
The President of Russia hosted a dinner in honor of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi and gifted him with a hand written page by Mahatma Gandhi from his personal diary that is in Russia, the President also gifted an 18th Century sword from West Bengal to Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The sword belonged to the Najafi dynasty of West Bengal. Also Read - CBSE Board Exam 2021: Tips to Cope Up With Stress For Children And Parents | Watch Video
- The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi visited Russia on the invitation of President of Russia to attend the 16th India-Russia Annual Summit
- The two sides signed 16 agreements/ Memorandum of Understanding (MoU’s) in various fields including defence, Nuclear energy and solar energy
- 226 Kamov helicopters will be made in India under an agreement between the two countries
The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi also visited the tomb of the Unknown soldier on December 24, 2015 in Moscow the capital of Russia and laid a wreath to pay homage to the soldiers of the Soviet Union who were killed in the 2nd World War (1939-1945). The President of Russia and Prime Minister Narendra Modi also held meeting with CEO’s (Chief Executive Officers) of business companies. Also Read - Telangana Schools to Reopen for Classes 6 and 8 After Nearly 11 Months
The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi during his discussions with President Vladimir Putin also highlighted the friendly and strong strategic relations between India and Russia. He also emphasised on the smooth cooperation between the two countries in multilateral forums like the United Nations, BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) forum, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), G20, and also the East Asia Summit. He also welcomed the President of Russia Vladimir Putin to India in 2016 for the BRICS summit and the 17th India-Russia Annual Summit.
Agreements/ Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)
Some of the important agreements/Memorandum of Understanding (MoU’s) signed between Russia and India are as following-
- An agreement was signed to simplify the process followed by the citizens of both countries visiting either of the country.
- An agreement was signed for cooperation in the field of helicopter engineering. Under the agreement 226 Kamov helicopters will be manufactured in India and will be the first major defence project under the ‘Make in India’ mission.
- An agreement was signed in the field of nuclear energy to manufacture Russian designed nuclear reactor units in India.
- A memorandum of Understanding was signed between the two countries for survey, exploration and production of hydrocarbons onshore Russia and on the continental shelf of Russia.
- Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between solar energy Cooperation of India and Russian Energy Agency for construction of solar energy plants in India.
Joint statement by Russia and India
A joint statement was issued by the Government of India and Russia on the visit of the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Russia. The Joint statement was titled ‘Shared trust, new Horizons’. The two sides appreciated the progress made in cooperation in various fields between the two countries, and the continued interaction at high levels. The Joint statement noted the various areas of cooperation between India and Russia namely, in the energy sector, in natural gas, space exploration, trade and investment, Defence collaboration and research, security and disaster management. The two sides also resolved to further strengthen the cooperation in these fields.
India-Russia Bilateral relations
India and Russia have since long enjoyed a friendly relationship. India had a close relationship with the former USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) during the cold war even though India was a part of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). After the collapse of USSR in 1990 Russia and India continued to have strong relations even as India improved its relations with USA (United States of America) a rival of the USSR. Russia has been one of the biggest partners of India in the field of Defence, the two countries have jointly developed the Brahmos supersonic missile one of the foremost weapon in the Indian arsenal and India also uses Russian warships and Russian warplanes like the Sukhoi fighter aircraft, Mig 29, Mig 27 etc which are the frontline weapons of Indian armed forces. Russia is also one of the major partners of India in developing India’s Nuclear energy. India and Russia had signed a fresh nuclear deal in 2009. Russia is collaborating with India to develop two nuclear power units in Kundukulam, Tamil Nadu.
In recent years India has increased its cooperation with the United States of America (USA) and there has been increasing hostility between USA and Russia since the crisis in Ukraine began, in this context India has been able to balance the relationship with both the countries till now. India is also seeking to expand the areas of cooperation to space, mineral exploration and trade. The two countries have set a target of achieving trade worth 30 Billion US $ till 2025.
Bilateral Diplomatic relations
India and Russia enjoy a close diplomatic relation which is also contributed by regular high level visits and talks between the two countries. The President of Russia Vladimir Putin had visited India in 2014 to attend the 15th India-Russia Annual Summit. The two countries have also established an Indo-Russia Intergovernmental Commission (IRIGC) that looks after the diplomatic relationship between the two countries.
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