In current situation, when coronavirus pandemic has already put human lives in danger and has announced a worldwide health emergency, some other viruses also seem to be rearing their heads. Also Read - Hantavirus Creates Panic Amongst Netizens After One Person Dies in China, Know All About This Virus
As per a tweet by China’s Global Times, a man belonging to the Yunnan Province in China died on Monday while he was on his way to Shandong. According to reports, he was tested positive for Hantavirus. After the test result came, other 32 passengers on the bus were also tested. The tweet has created a situation of panic amongst netizens and everybody seems curious enough to know about this new threat. So, without wasting any time, here we give all the information about Hantavirus. Also Read - Income Tax Return Deadline, Aadhaar-PAN card Linkage Extended to June 30 Amid Coronavirus Outbreak
What is Hantavirus?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Hantavirus is a deadly pathogen that is known to cause Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS). It is a respiratory syndrome that occurs when you come in direct contact with rodents carrying Hantavirus. The virus can lead to hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) too. “It is a group of clinically similar illnesses caused by Hantaviruses from the family Bunyaviridae”, says CDC. Also Read - Coronavirus Epicentre Wuhan to Lift Outbound Travel Curbs From April 8
How Hantavirus is Transmitted?
It can only be transmitted to humans through rodents. If you live in an area where rodents are commonly found, you are at an increased risk of getting the Hantavirus infection. Infected rodents actually shed the virus to their urine, saliva, and droppings. If you knowingly or unknowingly touch the fluid and then touch your eyes, mouth or nose, virus can easily go inside your system and affect you. Also, these fluids can get into the air if an infected rodent’s urine is stirred up. This way, it can lead to airborne transmission. You may also get infected and become sick if you eat food contaminated by urine or saliva of an infected rodent.
Luckily, human to human transmission of Hantavirus has not been found yet.
Signs And Symptoms of Hantavirus Infection
The incubation period of Hantavirus is believed to be between 1 and 8 days post the exposure to the urine, droppings, or saliva of an infected rodent. During the early infection, you may experience symptoms including muscle ache in hips, thighs, back, and shoulder, fever, and fatigue. Other signs including vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea may also follow. If left untreated for around 10 days, late HPS symptoms can occur. These may include coughing and shortness of breath. Sadly, this disease is fatal and therefore you must take enough precautions to stay away from the infection.
Diagnosis And Treatment of Hantavirus Infection
It is a bit difficult to diagnose the disease cause by Hantavirus as the early signs and symptoms are confusing and mimic those of other common health ailments. It can easily get confused with influenza. But, if a patient is experiencing shortness of breath along with other symptoms and has a history of rodent exposure, doctors can easily suspect Hantavirus infection and can diagnose the disease.
As far as treatment of Hantavirus infection is concerned, there is no particular test or cure for it. Vaccination for the virus is also not available. According to CDC, the early you get diagnosed, the better your chances are of effective recovery.