Coronavirus pandemic has created a fear amongst people globally. The increasing prevalence of COVID-19 and a spike in the number of deaths due to the disease have left the entire world in a state health emergency. It is believed that the situation will only become worse in the coming days. So, what plans different nations have made to keep the number of COVID-19 affected patients minimum? Also Read - Coronavirus Pandemic: 2020 Tokyo Olympics Will be Postponed, Says IOC Member Dick Pound
Well, Indian authorities did their best and took enough measures to contain the virus. The management plan did work upto some extent but now the situation is becoming more concerning considering the total of number COVID-19 affected patient in India, which is 492. Also Read - Amid Coronavirus Pandemic, Disney+ to Launch in Europe With Reduced Streaming Quality
You must have heard the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and different news channels too, asserting that India has not reached stage 3 of the coronavirus pandemic. What does that mean? Are there different stages of a pandemic? Also Read - Shaheen Bagh Vacated Amid Coronavirus Lockdown, Anti-CAA Protesters Detained
Yes, you thought right. There are four stages of a pandemic. Let’s know about them one by one.
A country is said to be in stage 1 of a pandemic when it is not the source of pandemic and still reports the first few cases of the disease due to the virus import. In case of the current coronavirus outbreak, all the countries other than China, when reported the very first case of the COVID-19, entered the stage 1 of the pandemic. When China, the epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak, remained unsuccessful in containing the virus and number of cases started to increase worldwide, COVID-19 became a pandemic from an epidemic crossing the international borders.
A country reaches stage 2 of a pandemic when the local transmission of the disease starts occuring. This means that unlike stage 1, the people transmitting or spreading the infection belong to the country itself. In stage 2, identifying trajectory of the virus is possible from the source to the infected individuals. Notably, India is currently in stage 2 of COVID-19 outbreak.
A country reaches stage 3 of an outbreak, when community transmission becomes a reality for it. In this phase, tracking chains of transmission of the disease becomes extremely difficult. Also, people even without any travel history to the affected area or any instance of being in contact with the affected person, start getting the infection. Third stage is characterised by circulation of virus within the community. Stage 3 demands strict lockdown of the areas as anyone can spread the virus. Developed nations including Singapore, Italy, Spain are currently in Stage 3 of the coronavirus pandemic.
When an infection, which has been announced a pandemic, becomes endemic in a country, that nation is said to be in stage 4. It is the worst stage of an outbreak when massive number of people start getting infected and the measures to contain the virus or control the number of affected patients seem almost impossible. China has already experienced this stage in current situation.