Dry eyes syndrome is becoming increasingly common these days thanks to our increasing dependence on electronic gadgets. Dry eyes syndrome refers to a condition in which our tears don’t adequately lubricate the eyes thus causing the dryness. This can lead to other eye problems like difficulty in reading, reading on electronic screens, reading small print, driving at night etc. But dry eyes syndrome is not just caused due to digital eye strain. Some of the other common reasons for dry eyes syndrome include: eye surgeries, eye allergies and even ageing. When you have dry eyes syndrome, you are likely to experience itching, burning, red eyes, soreness and puffiness of the eyes.

Medical causes of dry eyes syndrome: There are some medical conditions that can cause dry eyes too. In a study in the journal JAMA Ophthalmology, it was found that those suffering from migraines had a 20 per cent higher risk of having dry eyes. The same study mentioned that factors like hormonal changes following pregnancy, oral contraceptives and menopause could also lead to dry eyes. Not just this, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), long-term use of contact lenses and prolonged exposure to dry air can also cause dry eyes.

Treatment for dry eyes syndrome
It is best to consult a doctor for chronic dry eyes syndrome. Often, doctors prescribe over the counter eye drops. Some of the other treatments include procedures to increase tear production. However, apart from these treatments, some lifestyle changes may also be required.

When using electronic gadgets, ensure that there is sufficient distance between your eyes and the screen to prevent overstrain.

Keep your gadget use to a minimum. Do not look at a screen continuously for more than 20 minutes. Take frequent breaks by looking away from your screen, preferably at some point far away from your seat. Close your eyes for a few seconds every now and then.

Do not use light-emitting gadgets in dark rooms. If you want to read at night, make sure that your bedside lamp is on. When the room is completely dark and you try reading something on the screen, your eyes are strained.