The deadly SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes Covid-19, may linger on human skin for nine hours, much longer than the flu viruses can, according to a study. The influenza A virus (IAV), in contrast, remained viable on human skin for nearly two hours, said the researchers including those from Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine in Japan.Also Read - Lean PCOS: How is it Different Than Regular PCOS, Causes And Treatment
The study, published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, found that both the viruses were rapidly inactivated on the skin with a hand sanitiser. The finding underscores the importance of handwashing or using a sanitiser to prevent the spread of Covid-19. The researchers noted that the stability of SARS-CoV-2 on human skin remains unknown, considering the hazards of viral exposure to humans. Also Read - Feelings Vs Emotions: What is The Difference Between Them? Watch Video To Find Out
“We generated a model that allows the safe reproduction of clinical studies on the application of pathogens to human skin and elucidated the stability of SARS-CoV-2 on the human skin,” the researchers wrote in the journal They evaluated the stability of SARS-CoV-2 and IAV, mixed with culture medium or upper respiratory mucus, on human skin surfaces. The researchers also evaluated the disinfection effectiveness on the skin of 80 percent ethanol against SARS-CoV-2 and IAV. Also Read - Pune: All Shops to Remain Shut on Sept 19 For Ganesh Visarjan | Read Guidelines Here
The study found that SARS-CoV-2 and IAV were inactivated more rapidly on skin surfaces than on other surfaces such as stainless steel, glass, and plastic. The survival time was significantly longer — 9 hours — for SARS-CoV-2 than for IAV (1.82 hours), according to the researchers. “The nine-hour survival of SARS-CoV-2 on human skin may increase the risk of contact transmission in comparison with IAV, thus accelerating the pandemic,” the researchers wrote in the journal. “Proper hand hygiene is important to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 infections,” they said.
According to other reports, the coronavirus is known to survive even longer on inanimate surfaces.
In March, the National Institutes of Health published a study saying that the virus can last up to four hours on copper, 24 hours on cardboard, and 72 hours on stainless steel. In the air, the virus can last for about three hours, the NIH said.