Diabetes insipidus is an uncommon medical condition that leads to excessive dehydration. If you are thinking that it is similar to type 2 diabetes, you are mistaken. Diabetes insipidus is nowhere close to type 2 diabetes. This rare condition increases your thirst abnormally and makes you drink too much water and frequently go for urinating. It occurs when your body becomes unable to balance the fluid due to the improper functioning of a liquid balancing hormone called vasopressin. Also Read - Diabetes Drug Linked to Increased Risk of Problems Like Heart Failure
Normally, your kidneys work optimally to remove fluid from your bloodstream. The waste fluid then gets collected in the bladder temporarily as urine. And, you get rid of it while urinating. However, in the case of diabetes insipidus, the hormone that controls how fast or slow, the body fluid has to be excreted, stops working properly. Notably, vasopressin, which is also called the anti-diuretic hormone is secreted from the hypothalamus. Also Read - Diabetes: Don't Believe in These Myths Associated With The Disease
Causes of diabetes insipidus
Diabetes insipidus can occur due to an array of reasons like a disruption in the hypothalamus due to inflammation, surgery, or any infection. Also, a genetic defect can cause a problem. In some cases, kidneys stop working optimally and start absorbing too much fluid from the bloodstream. This may happen due to problems like kidney disease, genetic mutation, or blocked urinary tract. Excessive calcium in the blood and deficiency of potassium have also been found to cause this abnormality. Also Read - Brittle Diabetes: All You Need to Know About This Rare Condition
Diagnosis and treatment
Diabetes insipidus can be diagnosed by urine and blood test. A doctor may also ask you about your family health history. In order to ascertain the diagnosis, he may also ask you to go through a fluid deprivation test, MRI, or genetic screening.
As far as the treatment of diabetes insipidus is concerned, it is based on the underlying cause of the condition. There are certain drugs available to provide relief from diabetes insipidus. Notably, before starting the treatment, you may be asked to drink plenty of water to replace the constant loss of water.