Characterised by temporary confusion, loss of awareness, uncontrolled jerking, and anxiety, epilepsy is a neurological condition that affects both males and females. This chronic disease occurs when your brain activity becomes abnormal. Recurrent seizers is a prominent sign of epilepsy. According to the World Health Organisation, around 50 million people globally are suffering from epilepsy.

Half of the people with epilepsy do not know the exact cause behind the condition. The other half cases may occur due to factors including genetics, head trauma, infectious diseases like meningitis, AIDS viral encephalitis, prenatal injury, developmental disorders, etc. If not managed or treated on time, epilepsy can cause complications like drowning, depression, anxiety, car accidents, etc. Luckily, there are anti-seizure medications and surgery available for the condition. These options can make the lives of the patients better. But what can be better than preventing the condition and staying away from the sufferings? Nothing right? To do that you basically need to be aware of the factors that increase your risk of developing epilepsy. Read on to know about them.

Age

Though epilepsy can affect anyone at any point in time, it is more prevalent in people under 20 and those above 65. This is probably because the causes of epilepsy are more common in these stages of life. Birth defects and childhood infections can develop epilepsy during adulthood. In older adults, stroke is quite common and that raises their risk of developing seizures and epilepsy by damaging the brain.

Head injury

Traumatic brain injury has been associated with the onset of epilepsy. It leads to changes in thinking, language, sensation, balance, emotions, etc. and causes brain disorder. A head injury may cause epilepsy suddenly or can take even months to develop chronic disease.

Brain infection

Brain infections like meningitis, malaria, neurocysticercosis, and viral encephalitis have been associated with the onset of seizers and epilepsy. These infections cause the condition by leading to inflammation in the brain.