Almost all of us had acne at some point of the other and the bacterium Propionibacterium acne was thought to be the culprit for it. We use different types of anti-acne creams and lotions to get rid of the bacteria and clear the skin. However, according to a new study, P.acne is not exactly the reason behind acne as the bacterium is present in the hair follicles of those with pimples as well as without pimple. Also Read - Malaika Arora's Tips And Tricks to Naturally Keep Acne at Bay

According to a new research published in the Scientific Reports journal and presented at the Annual conference of the Microbiology Society, an imbalance of the bacteria present on the skin is the potential culprit for acne and balancing the bacteria may be the future way to treat breakouts instead of using antibiotics, which wipes out the bacteria. Dr. Huiying Li, the author of the study and an associate professor of molecular and medical pharmacology at UCLA’s David Geffen School of Medicine, says that the P.acne are present on everybody’s skin and are good for the skin. To treat acne, the scientists have to find a way to keep the good ones and selectively wipe out the bad. (ALSO READ Home remedies for acne: 7 most effective ways to get rid of acne and clear your skin using home remedies) Also Read - Home Remedies For Acne: Here is How to Get Rid of This Common Skin Problem

The study included 34 adults without acne and 38 people with acne. The researchers from UCLA collected skin samples from the study participants using pore cleansing strips and then analyzed and compared the makeup of the bacteria from both the groups with and without acne. The genetic make of the bacteria was analyzed using DNA sequencing method. The analysis of the genetic material from the bacteria allowed the researchers to see what species of bacteria were present on the skin of both the groups as well as to see the genes present in the bacteria.(ALSO READ How to get rid of acne? 19 tips to get back your acne-free glowing and healthy skin). Also Read - Vaginal Acne: Get Rid of This Discomfort With These Simple Home Remedies

The findings suggested that P.acne were present on both the groups but there were some small differences in the genetic makeup of the bacteria. In the group of adults with acne, the bacteria contained higher concentration of genes responsible for the production and transportation of pro-inflammatory compounds and bacterial toxins. In the group without acne, the bacteria contained genes responsible for bacterial metabolism, which is thought to curb colonization by harmful bacteria. (ALSO READ How to beat summer acne? 5 tips to avoid pimples in the heat)

According to Li, the bacterial makeup present in skin follicles seems to influence the health of the skin. For example, if a person has the bad bacteria but if there are good ones also present then it can counterbalance the effect of the bad bacteria and the person many not have pimples. Based on the just the makeup of the bacteria, the researchers could tell whether a person had pimples/acne or not with an accuracy rate of around 85 percent. Samples from 10 more volunteers were also analyzed by the researchers and they could predict whether the person had acne or not.(ALSO READ Home remedies to get rid of dead skin cells: 7 homemade scrubs to remove dead skin cells from face and body).

According to the study, balancing the microbiome of the skin may be a better treatment for acne as compared to antibiotics as it can lead to antibiotic resistance. Although, it is not yet known how to balance the microbiome, Dr.Li suggested two possible ways: Using virus to target specific strains or bacteria (phage therapy) and probiotic supplementation.

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