Hormonal imbalance has been a growing concern amongst the new age population. Earlier, the symptoms that occurred in the women above the age of 35 can nowadays be commonly found in teenagers. While there are several reasons behind the occurrence of hormonal balance, an untamed lifestyle comprising an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activities is the most prevalent one. Studies say that 75% of women around the world face problems associated with menstruation. Also Read - Hormones Out of Sync? Eat These Foods to Bring About Balance
Earlier, smartphones and technologies had not taken over the hold of teenagers. They would utilize their leisure talking to their friends, spending time with family, pursuing their hobbies, playing games, and doing several other outdoor activities. Physical activities and the support of society would help them stay carefree and fit. But with the rapid transformation in the lifestyle and the introduction of technological innovations over the last few decades, the circumstances have changed. More and more dependent teenagers and millennials got on machines and technologies, lesser did they explore and refine the enormous physiological abilities of their bodies. Moreover, easily accessible refined and unhealthy food further robbed their body off the nutrition. The trend of living in a virtual world deprived them of the ability to socialize and share their thoughts and emotions, affecting the stress levels in their mind. Owing to these factors and several others, the teenagers and those in the twenties grew more vulnerable to hormonal imbalance than ever.
An unhealthy lifestyle results in the imbalance of several hormones in the body such as Progesterone, Estrogen, Testosterone, insulin, and Thyroid among others. Moreover, the stress caused due to the lack of physical activities, self-confidence, and socializing results in excessive release of cortisol in the blood which compromises the digestive and reproductive systems to mitigate stress. The imbalance of these hormones may result in symptoms such as dysmenorrhoea, irregular periods, sudden weight gain, acne, migraines, premenstrual syndrome, anxiety, fatigue, loss of sex drive, depression, and impact every aspect of a teenager’s life. The most common disease due to hormonal imbalance is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) which is on the rise among teenage girls. The symptoms include sudden weight gain, facial hair, irregular periods, dandruff, acne, pelvic pain, high cholesterol, and insulin resistance. Many cases of PCOS are influenced by genetic predisposition but the exposure to pollutants and preservatives in food items that cause chemical disruption also play an important role. The syndrome may lead to diabetes, high cholesterol and triglycerides and even cancer in women.
The advisable solution to prevent the problem is a healthy lifestyle including healthy food, atmosphere, mental state, and work-out habits. Teenagers must refrain from consuming oily and fast food as their age requires sufficient nutrition to create the base for a long life that lies ahead. The treatment for obese patients begins with weight loss. It improves menstrual abnormalities, reduces the risk of cardiovascular problems, infertility, abnormal uterine bleeding, and other problems caused due to hormonal imbalance. Teenagers should be encouraged to take part in physical activities and adopt healthy food habits. They need to be informed that hormonal imbalance can be detrimental and affect their entire body. They must be made aware to keep their weight in check and seek medical advice immediately in case such symptoms are seen in a growing girl.
Millennials who are in their 20’s have in most cases already developed these problems or are on the verge of getting affected by the imbalance. They should try and abstain from unhealthy foods, reduce stress and adopt a fitness regimen that may reduce the problems.