Inflammatory Bowel Disease refers to a set of disorders that affect the digestive tract. In Inflammatory Bowel Disease, there is chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s Disease are two types of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. In Crohn’s Disease, the gastrointestinal tract which includes parts like oesophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine including colon, rectum and anus are commonly affected. The intestinal tract starts to thicken due to the inflammation caused by Crohn’s Disease. This is a chronic condition and there is no cure for it. In Ulcerative Colitis, the colon gets inflamed. Ulcers also develop in the colon. Inflammatory Bowel Disease is extremely painful to deal with. If not treated in time, Inflammatory Bowel Disease could result in serious health complications including anal fissures, fistulas and even colon cancer. Also Read - People With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Likely to Die Early
Common symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Diarrhoea: Since the intestinal cells are affected, there can be unfavourable changes in the bowel movements. One can suffer from mild or severe diarrhoea depending on the severity of the condition. Also Read - Antibiotics May Increase Your Risk of Developing Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Abdominal pain: Uneasiness in stomach accompanied by painful cramps is a common symptom. You get this continuously too for extended periods of time. Also Read - World IBD Day 2020: All You Need to Know About This Debilitating Condition of Digestive Tract
Diminished appetite: When your digestive system is affected, your appetite is bound to suffer. You tend to eat less as many foods you normally eat can irritate your stomach and trigger the inflammation.
Weight loss: When you eat less, you also tend to lose weight. Your weight can reduce rapidly.
Fatigue: When you eat less, have constant pain, suffer weight loss and diarrhoea, you naturally tend to get exhausted. It’s not uncommon to develop fever too in this condition.
Best foods to alleviate symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
What you eat is the key to easing the symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Certain anti-inflammatory foods can be helpful in this case. Certain foods can trigger inflammation and can worsen the conditions. Processed foods, foods like beans and cabbage that cause abdominal gas are a NO-NO when you have IBD.
Aloe Vera: This cooling gel is used as an Ayurvedic remedy for a number of digestive problems because of its anti-inflammatory properties.
Strawberries: According to a study, consumption of strawberries per day could help suppress symptoms like body weight loss and bloody diarrhoea in those with IBD. Strawberries are also known to be beneficial to the gut flora and hence help with easing digestion.
Wheatgrass juice: Wheatgrass contains beneficial compounds like chlorophyll, amino acids, vitamins and enzymes that help beat symptoms of IBD.