COVID-19 is a novel virus that still seems to be a puzzle for scientists around the globe. It has been more than 4 months now that the outbreak of coronavirus came in news and still we neither have a vaccine or scientifically claimed particular effective treatment for coronavirus. This pathogen has reportedly affected more than a million people worldwide and has claimed lives of over 50,000. In India, the death toll due to COVID-19 has reached 53. Also Read - April 5 at 9PM: Bollywood Celebs React as PM Modi Urges to Switch Off Electricity, Light up Diyas to Combat Coronavirus

One of the best ways to prevent the spread of this novel virus is to get yourself tested on time in case you develop any symptom of coronavirus including sore throat, shortness of breath, fever, or/and dry cough. Also Read - Diwali Trends on Twitter as Netizens Share Memes After Modi's 'Diya Jalao to Fight Coronavirus' Request

Diagnosis of COVID-19

As far as the diagnosis of coronavirus is concerned, doctors are using a long swab to take a nasal sample, which is then sent to a lab for testing. In case you are coughing a lot, your saliva sample may also be sent for the test. Also Read - Can You Catch Coronavirus From Fruits And Vegetables? Know The Truth

Treatment of COVID-19

Sadly, there is no confirmed medicine or therapy to treat COVID-19 patients. The available treatment options can only provide relief from the symptoms of the disease and can help in recovery. Notably, it is quite possible for a person to get reinfected by coronavirus and that is why it is more dangerous than we thought of it.

Latest coronavirus treatment news and updates

Currently, there are various clinical trials happening around the globe to get the most effective treatment for COVID-19 and a vaccine to prevent the infection. During these tests, certain possible treatment options have came into the picture that are helping patients to recover. Here, we tell you about them one by one.

Antimalarial drugs, chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine

These drugs have been sent for the clinical trials and the results have not come yet. These anti-malarial medicines were used earlier during the SARS crisis and were proved to be effective. Recently, China found that chloroquine can stop the growth of coronavirus in lab settings and therefore used it to treat certain critically ill COVID-19 patients. Still, you must not consume this drug without a doctor’s prescription.

HIV drugs, lopinavir and ritonavir

These drugs initially came into the limelight and were claimed to be helpful in treating COVID-19 patients. However, certain study results showed that these medicines are not providing additional benefits compared to standard care.

Anti-flu drug, favipiravir

Though the parent company of favipiravirm, Fujifilm Pharmaceuticals, has yet not confirmed the efficacy of this anti-flu drug in treating COVID-19 patients, the drug got its early approval in China and Japan. Both the countries reported its effective results in the recovery of COVID-19 patients more quickly.

Ebola drug, remdesivir

According to the WHO’s Assistant Director, General Bruce Aylward, “There is only one drug right now that we think may have real efficacy and that’s remdesivir.” He said this recently at a March press briefing. This Ebola medicine is being considered promising in the treatment of COVID-19 patients an has got NIH approval for testing on patients. The results are yet to come.

Drug for lung disease (Interferon)

This drug has showed promising anti-viral results during SARS crisis and is currently a common choice of medical professionals when it comes to inhibit the replication of the coronavirus. Interferon is basically used when the cause of an infection is unknown. It shows better results when used in combination with remdesivir.

Plasma therapy

Currently, plasma therapy is being used in a Houston hospital to recover patients of COVID-19. In this therapy, the blood plasma of an already recovered person is taken to build immunity and develop required antibodies in other patients. The process has been earlier used in the past during some epidemics (polio, measles, Spanish flu, and mumps) and proved effective. According to scientists, plasma therapy can be really helpful in current situation as we do not have any other effective treatment option to offer to patients.