Epilepsy refers to a chronic brain condition in which people experience recurrence of seizures in which there is loss of voluntary movements. These seizures last for a short period of time. In an epileptic person,the seizures are a result of a disturbance in the electric transmission of signals in the brain. This leads to electric impulses which directly impacts body movements and sensations. The seizures may affect a part of the body or the entire body.

Here are some facts about epilepsy that you ought to know:

The risk of physical problems is high: After epileptic seizures, there may be a loss of consciousness. It is very common for epileptic patients to suffer from falls, drowning, injuries and fractures as they suffer from involuntary movements.

Never try to forcibly stop body movements during an epileptic seizure: While you may want to come to the rescue of an epileptic person by trying to stop his movements in order to avoid potential injuries, you need to keep in mind that you cannot and must not use forceful movements. Also, don’t try to give water or food during the seizure as the person may not be able to swallow properly and may even get choked. Offer food or water only after the person is fully conscious.

Ketogenic diet may be helpful: Ketogenic diet has been traditionally known to be effective for dealing with epilepsy in children. This high fat and low carbohydrate diet, according to some studies, has shown to exhibit anticonvulsant effects. Not just epilepsy, some studies suggest that the ketogenic diet could also help deal with neurodegenerative diseases like including Alzheimer disease and Parkinson’s disease. However, before opting for the ketogenic diet for an epileptic kid or an adult, you must make sure that you consult a doctor.

Treatment for epilepsy: According to the World Health Organisation, ‘up to 70% of people living with epilepsy could become seizure free with appropriate use of anti-seizure medicines’ and that ‘surgical therapy might be beneficial to patients who respond poorly to drug treatments.’

Emotional support is very important: It is difficult to deal with a condition like epilepsy about which there is very little awareness. There are also a lot of misconceptions about the disease. People with epilepsy need to be offered support and help when needed. As a carer of an epileptic person, you will need a lot of patience. It is necessary to educate yourself about the condition before you offer help.