Fukrey actor Richa Chadda recently tweeted about the haze over Mumbai and how she is facing trouble breathing. Sonam Kapoor retweeted the post and added that she has developed bronchitis. She wrote,’ Have never had breathing issues in my life. But have been wheezing and developed bronchitis. It’s so scary.’ Bronchitis is a condition in which the lining of the bronchi, which is present in the lungs, become inflamed. People with this condition usually have cough and cough up discolored, thick mucus. There are two types of bronchitis, acute and chronic. In acute bronchitis, the symptoms start to improve within 10 days but the cough can last for about three weeks. It is also called a chest cold. Chronic bronchitis is a condition where you can have the cough for around three months or more. People usually have chronic bronchitis along with the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Also Read - List of People NOT Invited to Varun Dhawan-Natasha Dalal's Wedding in Alibaug on Sunday
What are the causes of bronchitis?
Bronchitis is a viral disease and is caused by the same viruses that are responsible of cold and flu. Risk factors include cigarette smoking, exposure to pollution and dust, low immunity and gastric reflux. If you are working in an environment that contains pollutants and irritants, then you can develop bronchitis. Also Read - Coronavirus: 5 COVID-19 Symptoms That Won’t Seem to go
What are the symptoms?
The common symptoms include fatigue, cough, breathlessness, chest discomfort, mucus production and slight fever. The symptoms will be similar to common cold and you may experience body ache and headache. In acute bronchitis, the symptoms clear in around a week. However, in chronic bronchitis, the cough lasts longer. You may also experience recurring bouts for about two more years. The symptoms may worsen and there may be acute infection during these periods. Also Read - Dragon Fruit Benefits: 5 Amazing Health Benefits of This Bright Pink Fruit
You need to see your doctor if coughing interferes with your sleep, cough lasts more than three weeks, coughing produces blood, you see discolor mucus, you have fever and experience breathlessness and wheezing.
How to prevent bronchitis?
You can lower the risk of developing bronchitis by getting vaccinated, avoiding cigarette smoke, wearing surgical mask to avoid dust and irritants and washing your hands. Influenza virus causes several cases of bronchitis and you can protect yourself by getting flu shots yearly.