The appearance of dandruff on the shoulder is an instant downer. Do you often get embarrassed because of this? Well, dandruff is one of the most common scalp disorders. The flaky scalp is caused because of dry skin, fungus or bacterial growth. It can also be a result of product build up or when your scalp becomes sensitive to different haircare products. We had earlier shared with you top 10 home remedies to treat dandruff. Here are the answers to some of the frequently asked questions about dandruff and dry scalp.

What is the cause of dandruff and dry scalp?

Dandruff can be caused by a number of things. First thing you need to understand is that the oil produced by the scalp makes the dead skin cells clump together and form white flakes. Dandruff flakes are actually dead skin cells that naturally fall off the scalp. Dandruff can be the result of dry skin, yeast like fungus or other skin conditions such as psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, or eczema. You can also get dandruff when your scalp is sensitive to haircare products.

How to get rid of dandruff?

Using anti-dandruff shampoo can help you to get rid of dandruff. If you don’t want to use chemical laden hair products you can instead opt for home remedies. One of the most effective home remedies is to use lemon juice on your scalp. Simply massage 2 tablespoons lemon juice into your scalp and rinse with water. You can also stir in a teaspoon lemon juice into a cup water and rinse your hair with it. The acidity of lemon juice helps balance the pH of your scalp. This helps to keep your scalp clean and also keeps dandruff at bay.

Top 8 frequently asked questions about dandruff, answered!

How to prevent dry scalp?

You can use hot oil treatment to keep your scalp from getting dry. Use nourishing oils such as coconut oil or canola oil as a hot oil treatment by applying the oil and then wrap a hot towel over your head to trap in the heat. This will help the oil to penetrate your scalp and moisturize it well. You can also use clarifying shampoo to treat dry scalp or simply mix some baking soda into your regular shampoo to exfoliate and get rid of dry scalp.

How does an anti dandruff shampoo work?

Medicated dandruff shampoos work by stripping your hair and scalp of the oil and product buildup. They also have an anti-fungal ingredient that prevents any kind of fungal infection. So by stripping the oil and product buildup, the anti-dandruff shampoo deprives the fungus of its food source. The most common anti-dandruff shampoo ingredient is zinc pyrithione, which keeps the scalp fungus to a minimum. Although they work well on dandruff, the anti-dandruff shampoo can leave your scalp drier.

Top 8 frequently asked questions about dandruff, answered!

What essential oils are good for dandruff?

Tea tree essential oil is great to fight dandruff. But make sure that you use the essential oil with carrier oil as essential oils are in concentrated form. Mix 5 to 7 drops of tea tree oil in jojoba oil or coconut or olive oil and apply it by massaging gently on the scalp. Leave it overnight and wash it off in the morning.

How do you get rid of dandruff without washing your hair?

You can use dry shampoo on your scalp to get squeaky clean scalp. Simply spray some dry shampoo and then brush your hair to get rid of the flakes.  You can also moisturize your hair using coconut oil, olive oil or neem oil sparingly on the scalp to get rid of the flakes without washing your hair.

Top 8 frequently asked questions about dandruff, answered!

What vitamin deficiency causes dry scalp?

Dry scalp may also be caused by nutritional deficiency. If you are not getting enough vitamin B, vitamin B6 and B12 in your diet, then this might result in dry and flaky scalp. You can boost your vitamin B intake by including fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain cereals in your diet, also include flax seed oil, zinc, and selenium.

Can dandruff result in hairfall? When should you consult a dermatologist for dandruff?

Though dandruff does not cause hair fall, when it is left untreated,  your scalp can become so itchy and inflamed that it can cause temporary hair loss. You can keep dandruff at bay by following a good haircare regime, by using home remedies and anti dandruff shampoos. However, if the symptoms persist and you feel that it could be a medical condition, such as seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, fungal infections, you should consult a dermatologist.

(Photo courtesy: Shutterstock)

Found this story interesting? Like our Facebook page to read more such articles. Also, share your comments below. We would love to hear from you!