A study published in the journal Diabetes Care, says that the risk of Alzheimer’s Disease is 1.6 times more in diabetics than in non-diabetics. According to scientists, the causes of Alzheimer’s could include health problems like pollution exposure, genetics and heart and metabolic diseases. According to Daniel A Nation, Associate Professor at the University of Southern California, medicines for treating diabetes might make a difference in the progression of brain degeneration. This is why it is crucial to ‘catch diabetes or other metabolic diseases in adults as early as possible.’ Currently, nearly 6.68 crore people in India suffer from diabetes, according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF).
When afflicted with diabetes, it is clear that you cannot afford to ignore your condition. You need to get your sugar levels tested frequently and need to be on medication to control the same. Otherwise, it could lead to serious health concerns. Here are some of them:
Eye diseases: From diabetic retinopathy, Diabetic Macular Edema (DME), to glaucoma, you could suffer from a number of health problems related to your eyes. In glaucoma, there is increased pressure within the eye which damages the eye nerve gradually. This is irreversible. The worst part is that there are no obvious symptoms associated with most forms of glaucoma. DME affects the retina and could cause vision loss. In diabetic retinopathy, the blood vessels of the retina swell or grow abnormally.
Diabetic neuropathy: In this, the nerves are damaged by high blood sugar level. It could affect the legs, feet, hands and arms and even the heart, bladder, stomach, intestines, sex organs, and eyes. It could also affect the thighs, hips, buttock and the face.
Kidney damage: Kidney damage is very common among diabetics. Your family history, treatment for diabetes, stage of diabetes, blood sugar level, blood pressure level could all determine the extent of kidney damage. Kidney failure can also happen in the advanced stages of diabetic nephropathy in which case dialysis or kidney transplant may be required.
Stroke: A study found that women with diabetes are twice at the risk of suffering a stroke as those without the disease because of the effect high blood sugar has on the blood vessels. In fact, diabetes is one of the most common causes of stroke.
Heart diseases: Cardiovascular diseases and diabetes are closely linked. This is because the high blood sugar levels can have a detrimental effect on the blood vessels and increase the pressure on them.
With inputs from IANS