Vitamin B12, which is also known as cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin required for the production of red blood cells and normal functioning of the brain. It also aids in DNA synthesis and regulation. The vitamin is not produced by your body and since it is water-soluble, it is expelled out of the body through urine when in excess. As your body does not store the vitamin for a longer duration, you need to consume foods that rich in vitamin B12 or supplements. Vitamin B12 is found in animal products like eggs, fishes and meat. The recommended amount of vitamin B12 for adults is 2.4 microgram per day on an average. However, according to a study conducted by Metropolis Healthcare, over 15 percent of the people in India lack the recommended amount of vitamin B12 and most of them are vegetarian. Here are some signs that you are vitamin B12 deficient. (ALSO READ Vitamin A deficiency: Symptoms, treatment and prevention of vitamin A deficiency).Also Read - Women Experience a Heart Attack Differently From Men, Here's Why
1. Numbness without compressing any part of your body
Numbness or experiencing pins and needles is common when you sit in the same position for a long time or any part of your body is compressed but it can be a sign of vitamin B12 deficiency if you are experiencing numbness without being compressed. You may also experience electric shock waves. This is caused due to the nerve damage, which can happen when your body lacks vitamin VB12, poor production of red blood cells and low levels of oxygen. Vitamin B12 is important for proper functioning of the nerves and for red blood cell production. Also Read - Omicron Scare: How Badly Can Omicron Variant Affect Children? Here's How To Keep Them Safe | Watch Video To Find Out
2. Something wrong with your eyes
In rare cases, vitamin B12 deficiency can cause double vision, blurry vision and sensitivity to light. This happens because the lack of the vitamin plugs the retinal blood vessels or damages the optic nerve. Consult your doctor immediately if you experience this. Also Read - Weight Loss Tips: Struggling To Lose Weight? Here's How Peanut Butter Can Help In Instant Weight Loss, Try Today | Watch Video
Lack of vitamin B12 is also linked to frequent episodes of dizziness. You may feel dizzy or wobbly while walking up the stairs, getting up from the chair or after strenuous work. You should talk to your doctor as soon as possible as it can be quite dangerous.
4. Pale skin
Vitamin B12 deficiency can change your complexion to yellow or pale as your body’s red blood production is affected by the lack of the vitamin. Due to the deficiency, you have low red blood cells and even those blood cells are fragile.
5. You are sleepy during the day
If you are feeling sleepy even after sleeping for 8 hours at night, then it can be due to the lack of vitamin B12. The lack of the vitamin affects the production of red blood cells. As there is a lack of red blood cells your body cells will not get enough oxygen and you will feel tired and sleepy.
You can eat dairy products and animal products like fish and eggs to up the level of vitamin B12 in your body. You can also ask your doctor and consume vitamin supplements.