In Greek, Artho means joint and itis means inflammation. Arthritis can be termed as inflammation of joints. A joint facilitates your movement and is where two bones meet. There over 100 different types of arthritis and can affect one or more joints. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) and rheumatoid arthritis. The symptoms of arthritis usually develop gradually but sometimes it can appear all of a sudden. Pain in the joints is the most common symptom of the condition. Other symptoms include swelling of joints, stiffness, decreased movement and stiffness. Some arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis can also affect other organs of your body. Arthritis can also lead to weight loss, fatigue and muscle aches. If the condition progresses to an advanced stage, it can lead loss of flexibility. (ALSO READ Scientists discover a brand new organ in human body we never knew existed!) Also Read - Hair Care: Try These 6 Haircare Regime for Winters
The causes of arthritis
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Osteoarthritis (OA): The causes of different types of arthritis are different. Osteoarthritis (OA) is caused by the normal wear and tear. The risk of developing arthritis is more if you have a family history of the condition. Other causes include bacterial or viral infection. (ALSO SEE What is arthritis: Cause, symptoms and treatments of arthritis) Also Read - Benefits of Raw Turmeric in COVID-19: Here's How Kachi Haldi Builds Immunity, Helps in Recovery Especially During This Season
Rheumatoid arthritis and Systemic lupus erythematosus: These are the autoimmune disorders and they happen when the immune system of the body attack the tissue of the body. The attack by the body’s own immune system negatively affects the synovium, which is the tissue that acts as a lubricant between in the joint. Synovium also nourishes the bone and cartilage in the joint. The ligament and tendons that hold the joint together stretch and weaken leading to losing of alignment of the joint. The risk of developing Rheumatoid arthritis increases if you smoke cigarettes or have a family history of the disease. (ALSO READ What is open heart surgery: Things you need to known about open heart surgery)
Pseudogout and gout: These are caused because of an injury or metabolic abnormality. Surgery, joint injury, infection, chemotherapy and taking some diuretic medications for the treatment of high blood pressure can trigger gout. The lifestyle triggers include too much alcohol, crash dieting and dehydration.
There are several lifestyle factors that can trigger arthritis. A physically demanding job can, over a period, can lead to higher risk of developing osteoarthritis. Some food may also cause inflammation in the joints.